You will need
- - the pruner;
- - handsaw with a narrow blade.
The pruning of gooseberries is recommended in early spring, before the buds. The formation of the seedling should shorten all shoots, leaving weak branches of a pair of kidneys, and the stronger — from three to four.
In the formation of own-rooted standard gooseberries have a seedling leave a strong direct escape, which shorten the height of the trunk. In the upper part of the shoot should remain from three to five strong buds, which will form the crown. Buds and shoots appear on the trunk, should be removed.
The following year the young plants are formed in the form of a Bush, leave four or five of the strongest shoots, and the rest is completely cut off. Old gooseberry growing in the right conditions, forms many basal shoots from which every year leave three or four branches. Subsequently, they will replace otplodonosivshih shoots.
Well formed Bush gooseberry has about ten branches of different ages. Remove shoots over eight years. From other branches, they are more dark color and rough texture. In some varieties the old branches bend.
In the process of forming the annual pruning removes the shoots, thickening the Bush. Cut off broken and damaged by frost branches completely or to the nearest healthy kidneys depending on the age and condition of the escape. Shorten the drooping tips of the branches stretched out to the nearest strong branches or buds, growing up.
If spring pruning gooseberry missed, old branches can be removed in the fall, after harvest. The rest of move pruning next spring.
When spring pruning dense Bush of gooseberry, the formation of which no one before was not engaged, remove basal shoots and to thin out the Bush. Drooping branches cut to straight. Rooted branches growing from the bottom of the hive, can be left until the autumn.
After harvest, cut the old stems. Rooted branches can be separated from the Bush and planted the illuminated portion with loose soil. Before planting gooseberries plot dug up and removed from the ground roots of the weeds. Depending on the fertility of the soil Deposit when digging from two to four kilograms of organic fertilizer per square meter of area.