You will need
- - cold;
- - compressive bandage;
- - physiotherapy;
- - drainage;
- - puncture;
- - surgical intervention.
Bruising, which usually manifests hematoma, cure is not difficult. Immediately after appearance apply to the place of their localization the cold, make a pressure bandage, take analgesics to relieve pain. A few days after the injury you can carry out physiotherapy. What – tell the attending physician that will tailor indications and contraindications.
If the hematoma is very large, it is possible to do a spinal tap to remove from the skin accumulated there blood. Then again, it is necessary to impose a pressure bandage. If there is bleeding, the doctor may decide to cut open the bruise and bandage a vessel from which flows blood, even to impose upon him a special seam. It's called "vascular". Also open suppurating hematoma to produce drainage. However, if serious complications no, it goes pretty fast.
If the intracerebral hematoma, traumatic (also called brain injury), it may increase after the injury for a few days, and sometimes does not develop immediately after the injury, and after some time. Hence the importance of timely diagnosis, continuous supervision of experts and proper therapy. The latter usually boils down to hyperventilation, ventricular drainage, and other measures for the normalization of intracranial pressure. If the situation worsens, surgical intervention.
Doctors distinguish two kinds of dangerous intracranial hematoma – subdural and epidural. In this case, blood accumulates either in the space between the membranes of the brain or between the inner surface of the skull and the outer layer of the shell. There is already the necessary emergency surgery to remove hematoma. After the intervention the patient is prescribed intensive therapy, closely monitor his intracranial pressure.
Advice 2: What is hematoma
Any damage to vessels caused by their traumatic change or injury, can lead to the formation of hematoma – blood tumor. Around a connective tissue sheath through which it is impossible to reverse the suction of blood streamed. Over time it dissipates. However, in some cases removal surgical intervention is required.
Depending on the localization of the hematoma is subcutaneous, intramuscular, intracranial. As – clotted, infected and festering. Hematoma is formed not at once, because coming from a damaged vessel blood more time remains fluid, and then coagulates. In the surrounding tissue starts to develop a reaction to this process, i.e. there is a kind of inflammation, resulting in the formation of the shell around accumulated blood, preventing its reverse absorption. Thus, there is a blood tumor.
To determine subcutaneous or intramuscular hematoma is not difficult because of its telltale signs are the formation of a hematoma, or bruise, redness, if the affected deep tissue), swelling, pain, local temperature rise, and sometimes a limitation. Hematoma of the internal organs and brain to determine somewhat more complicated, since the symptomatology has significant differences. Most often it is manifested by signs of compression of nearby organs that send alarm signals through strong pain and ill health. Install it for sure is possible only with the help of ultrasound (internal organs) and computed tomography (hemorrhage in the meninges).
Intracranial hematoma can increase in size for several days after the injury, it turns out the so-called traumatic acute subdural hematoma, in which bleeding occurs between the membranes of the brain. In this case, it is able to threaten the victim's life, so often to resolve using emergency methods.
In the treatment of newly formed subcutaneous hematoma use cold, and the next day resolving local heat treatments and strengthening blood vessels with vitamins and pharmaceuticals. Intramuscular hematomas require more prolonged use of physiotherapy, and abdominal - medical monitoring and a completely different treatment given exclusively by the specialist.