Advice 1: How to teach a child to count

When little kids talk about school, they usually say: "there You will learn to read, write and count". However, such data are outdated – now in school without these and many other basic skills of a child do not accept. When the baby produces simple mathematical operations, bending his fingers, that's fine. But at a certain age similar technology need to forget and learn to count without the help of improvised means.
You will need
  • Books with examples for counting, cards with numbers.
Instruction
1
The age at which the child should learn to count in mind, everyone is different, but the average is 5-6 years. To teach the child to quickly take in mind, it should be taught simply to count in mind, and before that, in principle, be taught to think. As it is obvious it may sound, each of these points should be given due attention, and many parents forget about it.So, first the child should well learn to count objects – counting sticks, toys, anything at all, and produce them in simple arithmetic operations. If the baby can not count how many sticks will work if the two sticks to put two more sticks, ask him to count in mind, how much is "2+3".
2
The child had mastered the score in mind, he should be well familiar with the concepts of "more" and "less than", "equal", to understand the composition of numbers. There are several different techniques account within ten. Daily fun activities are required to ensure that the kid understood the numbers 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 10. He needs to learn, for example, all the ways to get number 7 in the range of tens (1+6, 2+5, 3+4). Children have excellent visual memory, so even constantly looking at such examples, the child will get used to their values. Very useful for such operations to use a regular card with numbers or "cash numbers".
3
With the help of toys or other illustrative examples teach children the composition of the number 10, so he'll know what 10 is 2+8, 3+7, 4+6 etc. Explain to him that from change of places composed the sum does not change (oncethe mindis, not so scientific – "if you change the number of places will still get the same"), explain that subtraction is inverse to addition operation. When preschooler will master addition in the range of tens in mind, it will go much faster.
4
To go beyond the dozens, you can use the method "to ten". For example, you want to fold 7 and 5. Number 5 to 10 5 is not enough, we take away 7, is 2. That is, 7+5=5+5+2. And to add 2 to 10 is not too difficult.
5
The main thing to learn fast counting in mind is visibility. Invite, for example, child add and subtract numbers that he sees on the street. The number of machines, for example. The car passed with the number 398 – offer to calculate how much will be 3+9+8 etc.
6
Whether before school to give your child multiplication and division, quite a lot I bet. Rate the ability of your child yourself, but do not overload him and turn his life into one big math class. In any case, technology of mastering multiplication and division in the mind is about the same as with addition and subtraction.

Advice 2: How to teach a child to read quickly

The increasing flows of information require to quickly assimilate new knowledge, evaluate and analyze the information obtained. So, people should be able to read quickly, with the understanding the text. However, many factors can distract from reading, because the information comes through different channels. Many children today don't like to read and read slowly, simply because they think it's unnecessary. But when they feel the need for speed reading, it may already be too late. Therefore, the technique of reading parents should take care in advance.
You will need
  • Books, including a book of tongue twisters and Proverbs
  • Filmstrips
  • Stopwatch
Instruction
1
Ask yourself the question – do you like to read? As a rule, in families where reading all the problems with the technique of reading does not occur. A child learns primarily by example. So if you've read little or did not read at all – have a little read, and not just with the child.
2
Select the mode of the day for half an hour to read with your child. This can be, for example, half an hour before bedtime, when all of the day's business is done. Part of the tale read by the parent, and gives some moments to read to a child. Each time increase the number of sentences he can read. You can later switch roles. The child reads a story, and you listen.
3
After the bedtime story habit, select another period of time just for reading. At this time, the child will read including that set, well half an hour after he made writing assignments. The "lesson" you can build so. You are reading the sentence. Maybe even several times. Then you are reading the sentence with your child and eventually ask to read it himself. After a few of these classes a bit and change their structure. Read several proposals.
4
Organize a game of school. Try to arrange so that the child assumed the role of the teacher. As students quite suitable toys with which the first-grader still isn't gone. To be a disciple at first and you can.
5
As soon as the child learns more or less accurately read isolated sentences, try reading them with tongue twisters. The technique is the same. If a child reads slowly, first read the tongue Twister you, and then let them read it. Try to do it as quickly as possible. Take a stopwatch and have a race to see which of you is faster to read the tongue Twister. Then move to the next. If the first patter I read the first you, next let him first read the child. This alternation will bring to class an element of the game and make them more interesting.
6
New children's books buy with your child. Unless, of course, is not a gift that you want some time to keep secret. Go to the store, ask your child to look at the books and say what he likes and why. Offer to read the title and author name. When you bring a new book home, encourage your child to begin to read it aloud, and when he's tired, you see. Try not to read the book before the end of the first evening, stretch pleasure. The next day, continue reading, and let the first begins to read to the baby.
7
If your child is seriously interested in some work, show him books about favorite activities. This is the best incentive to teachSya to read as quickly as possible, because you need to know immediately how to construct this model or how to embroider a cross. In this case, books can be for adults.
8
Your helpers can be social network. For example, the school forum. In this case, the child will immediately understand why it a quick read, and it will greatly facilitate your task. But the network communication, of course, must be strictly controlled.
Note
Each person has their own optimal reading speed. As a rule, the speed with which he speaks.

Read too fast also not very useful for the child, as in this case, often escapes the meaning of reading.

It is important that the child not only quickly folded the letters into words and understood the meaning of reading.
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Before you read a bedtime story, air the room, clean up the table and make the baby's hygiene.

First suggestions that a child reads should be very short, 2-3 words. Then the phrases become more difficult. Keep the child isolated in the offers important. Check out how he understood the passage.

At first the reading may be shorter. Important – do not skip and do every day.

If the child does not like to read, at first, use no books, and filmstrips, or any other images with captions. The child reads the text, then consider the picture and this creates the necessary alternating sessions.

Talk to the teacher and find out what are the requirements to technique of reading. How your child lags behind peers? Using the stopwatch to measure the rate of speech of your child. In the Junior school age the child should not read faster than that.

Sign up in the library. This may be a school or district library. Visit it not just to exchange books, but also go to children's matinees, meetings with writers, book exhibitions.

Constantly discuss with your child read. This applies not only to those books that you read to him, but also literature for adults, if it is possible to tell the kid. Children need to feel the interest of the parents to read.
Useful advice
The main rule of the account in the mind – no available funds. Make sure that the child does not have to bend your fingers, not put sticks or toys. The more you practice, the higher the speed of mathematical operations. Nothing complicated.
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