You will need
• - the reference magnet;
• - current source;
• - the right thumb;
• - straight conductor;
• - coil, coil of wire, a solenoid.
Instruction
1
Determine the direction of the vector of magnetic induction of the permanent magnet. To do this, locate North and South pole. Typically the North pole of the magnet is blue and South is red. If the poles of the magnet is unknown, take the reference magnet and move its North pole towards the unknown. The one end that is attracted to the North pole of the reference magnet will be South pole of the magnet, the induction field is measured. Lines of magnetic induction leave the North pole and enter the South pole. Vector in every point of the line going in the direction of the tangent line.
2
Determine the direction of the vector of magnetic induction of a straight conductor with a current. Current flows from the positive pole of the source to the negative. Take the corkscrew which is screwed when rotating clockwise, it is called the right. Start to twist it in the direction where a current flows from the conductor. Rotation of the handle will indicate the direction of closed circular lines of magnetic induction. The vector of magnetic induction in this case will be tangent to the circle.
3
Find the direction of the magnetic field of the coil with current, the coil or solenoid. To do this, connect the conductor to the current source. Take the right thumb and rotate his arm in the direction of the current going in to the turns from the positive pole of the current source to the negative. Translational movement of the rod of thumb will show the direction of the magnetic field lines. For example, if the handle of the corkscrew rotates in the direction of the current is counterclockwise (to the left), he, twisting, steadily moving toward the observer. Therefore, the magnetic field lines are directed also in the direction of the observer. Inside the coil, the coil or solenoid the magnetic field lines are straight, the direction and absolute value coincide with the vector of magnetic induction.