You will need
- - a condom.
Almost any unprotected sexual contact with a sick person will lead to infection with syphilis. All liquid substances of the body serve as a breeding ground for pathogens of this disease. Therefore, to protect themselves during sexual contact very difficult, high risk of infection (not less than 45%). All contacts with a sick person is dangerous, not only traditional sex, but also oral, anal.
Use barrier contraception, i.e. condoms. This will significantly reduce the risk of Contracting syphilis, but you must keep in mind about your safety, after all, and kisses open access disease in your body. Danger anal contact even higher, because the cracks in the rectum occur more frequently than the mucous membrane of the vagina.
Household way of infection is often found in families where one member already has syphilis. The disease is transmitted through saliva, so you cannot use shared spoons, cups, toothbrushes, lipstick, cigarettes and similar items. Outside the organism Treponema pallidum live long, but why take the risk if you can avoid household syphilis, observing simple hygiene rules.
Blood transfusions can occur transfusion-transmissible infection. These cases are very rare, because the donor must undergo the tests, including those for sexually transmitted diseases. More likely to get infected if you use one syringe for injection.
Nurses can get syphilis by a professional, because the doctors and nurses are often dealing with liquid secretions of sick people. If the skin of the surgeon from the microscopic wound will get the blood of a patient with syphilis, the doctor can become infected. Still, the doctors know very well what precautions need to be taken, so the risk of getting this disease by a professional is quite low.
A pregnant mother can pass syphilis to her child through the placenta. This disease is called congenital. Often the fetus dies in the womb. But once born, the child suffers from disturbances in all body systems. A mother can transmit syphilis and breastfeeding. To prevent infection of the child, sick woman a cesarean, and newborn administered artificial nutrition.