You will need
- - iodine, or brilliant green;
- - sterile cloth;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- - bactericide plaster;
- - alcohol or vodka;
- - plantain.
In any case do not rinse the wound with water! Its edges lubricate any disinfectant agent: alcohol solution of iodine, brilliant green (Zelenka), chlorhexidine, etc. and then apply on the wound swab (sterile tissue), folded several times and saturated with hydrogen peroxide. Swab and secure with a strip of plaster or presentwise. In the second case, the bandage will play the role of a pressure bandage in case the bleeding of the capillary, and venous.
If the wound is very small and almost no bleeding after treatment of its edges to stick on top of it a narrow strip of bactericidal plaster. In cases where the house has no iodine, no patch nor hydrogen peroxide can disinfect the wound with alcohol or vodka.
Suppose you received a wound in the woods or in the garden, and you have nothing at hand of these funds. How to be in this case? Take some plantain leaves, chop them (with a knife or just tear finely and RUB between your hands) until mushy state. Then apply on the wound, tie it on top of a clean handkerchief or any clean piece of clothing.
Well can help in such cases, the mushroom puffball prickly. Cut it in half, attach the cut to the wound. It not only effectively stops the blood, but also has a disinfecting effect. If you find a spider web, tear it, crumple and attach to the wound. It's an old folk remedy for healing and disinfecting wounds. If there are spruce or pine, take some resin and apply on the wound.
Any wound, if it hit (or at least can get) dirt or dust that may lead to the development of dangerous diseases – tetanus. Therefore, after first aid should contact the medical facility and administered an anti-tetanus inoculation. Do not neglect it. Here it is better to err.
Advice 2: Something to disinfect the wound
Abrasions and wounds are constant companions of children who play, run and fall. Not insured against such damage and adults, so the home kit should always contain chemicals to disinfect wounds.
You first need to understand what type of wound. If blood is drawn, it is first necessary to stop her. This can be done by using simple hydrogen peroxide. In addition, the peroxide has disinfectant properties. Because the reaction of the peroxide with oxygen reaction occurs in which bubbles of active oxygen. They are able to push out of the wound particles of dirt, microorganisms.
For disinfection suitable simple green, which does not lose its popularity for many years. It can be used if the wound has pus formation. Green paint can be treated at the edges of the damage and even inside it, while it dries well and disinfects. Not only is very deep wounds, pour green paint, because then there will be impossible to remove, in the end will have a scar with a green track.
Iodine is another popular tool for disinfection of wound surfaces. It is designed for surface treatment near the wound is not suitable for washing and does not stop the bleeding. A cotton swab dipped in iodine necessary to treat the skin around the perimeter of the wound, and then apply clean, dry gauze bandage to contamination from getting inside.
For the treatment of deep, but not bleeding wounds of suitable chlorhexidine. They can rinse the wound surface. This product is effective against most pathogens of wound infections, yeast, bacteria and viruses, its disinfectant property is a long-time action.
Wider spectrum of action possess modern drug "Miramistin". It is also produced in the solution, therefore, is suitable for washing and disinfection of various wounds. It acts on fungi, protozoa, bacteria and their spores. Unfortunately, he does not possess hemostatic properties, so a pre-wound should be treated with hydrogen peroxide, and then "Miramistin".
In the absence of all the above solutions, you can do with simple rubbing alcohol to disinfect wounds nakawatase. Alcohol is well disinfects and reduces swelling caused by penetration of microorganisms into the wound. For washing it is not recommended, as it can be harsh on damaged tissue and cause burns, especially in children.
When the wound is decontaminated, it must close with a clean bandage or gauze bandage. This will help to dry the inflammation and prevent new microorganisms.