Advice 1: How to disable external hard drive

External hard drives connect to the USB connectors. Similar to flash drives, they require a safe trip. Otherwise, does not guarantee the integrity of the data on disk as well as the device itself.
Instruction
1
Shut down all applications that access a removable hard drive. Wait for the termination of calls to it (the led on the device should stop flashing).
2
If you are using Windows operating system, look in the lower right corner on the taskbar icon with the green arrows zvoma. Click it twice and you will see a list of devices connected to the USB interface. Find in this list a removable hard drive, highlight it and then click "Stop". Wait for notification that the device can now safely removed. Don't stop at the error with another USB device, for example, a Bluetooth keychain, a GPRS or 3G modem, printer.
3
In the Linux operating system to stop external hard drive in two ways. To use the first of them, look directly on the desktop of the device icon, and then click the right mouse button. On the shortcut menu, select "Disable" or similar. After this, again open the context menu with the right mouse button, and then select "Extract".
4
To disconnect the external hard drive is an ideal way to open a console and run the command su. Enter the root password. Start the file Manager Midnight Commander mc Directive. Navigate to the mnt folder located in the root folder. If you cannot find your external hard drive, try to find it in the media folder, also located in the root folder.
5
Enter the umount command with the argument as the name of the external hard disk, for example, umount sda1. Wait till the led will stop blinking - he must go out or light up constantly. Then enter the eject command with the same argument, for example, eject sda1. Now the led should go out, even if it has been glowing, and a removable hard drive should stop the motor.
6
Now disconnect the external hard drive. If it attaches to two USB ports, disconnect the plugs from both. If it has external power adapter, first pull the latest from the wall outlet and then disconnect the drive from the USB port of the computer.
7
It happens that the external drive is busy, or another application that cannot close. This, in turn, makes it impossible and stopping the device. Then for safe disconnection will shutdown the OS and wait until the computer turns off.

Advice 2: How to turn off the external drive

It is very important to disconnect the external hard drives. From the dirty shutdown may not be any consequences, but it is much more likely that some data will be lost. And if it will corrupt important files, the drive may need formatting.
Instruction
1
Operating systems of the Windows family for outages of external hard drives and flash cards there is a special program called "safely remove hardware". Once the external drive connects to the USB port, it automatically starts. The program icon sits in the system tray. Click it with the left mouse button.
2
After a mouse click opens a menu containing suggestions for removing all external USB devices. Click on the device you want to disable.
3
Wait a little until the system shuts down with the external hard drive. Once all reads and write are finished, you will receive a warning that the device may be removed. Now the USB wire you can pull without fear of data corruption.
4
It happens that in Windows there are problems, and the icon "safely remove hardware" from the system tray disappears. To get it back, hit "start" -> "control Panel", then select "Devices and printers" or "device Manager". There locate the hard drive you want to deactivate. Click it, right-click, open "Properties". You can reach devices in a different way: to select the disk in the folder "My computer" and open "Properties" from there.
5
In the opened window, in the tab "Policy", locate the "safely remove device" option and select it. If you are always disconnected the external hard drive correctly, you may want to opt for "speedy deletion", which usually is the default. In this embodiment, the data is not cached, so if you copy nothing, you can just disconnect the drive without using "safely remove".
Note
During operation, an external hard disk of the information that you want to burn on, sometimes kept by the operating system in the cache. Even if you think that the external device has ceased, in practice it may be very wrong.
Is the advice useful?
If when you try to disconnect the device suggests that it is used, so it is safe to remove it, then check if there was any on it, and if not open a file on the disk, editing programs.
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