You will need
- - sharpened shears;
- - garden options;
- outdoor knife.
After the melting of snow in the area, while the buds on the gooseberry bushes and currants have not gone into growth, begin pruning plants. Prepare garden tool that you will need for the job.
Shoots of the shrub should be cut at the base, almost at ground level. Do not leave stumps, they may give low-yield shoots that you may not need. They can also become breeding grounds for mold, which will damage the entire plant.
Don't do oblique slices, surface damage should be minimal. The pruner hold the cutting side to the stump, so you will achieve a smoother cut. The injured surface with a diameter greater than one centimeter zamazhte garden pitch.
When pruning your task is the formation of fruiting healthy Bush. If this work is not done, the plant in a few years will grow fruitful branches will lack power and light. These adverse conditions can lead to the development of diseases.
Mark dead and broken branches. The bark on them will be wrinkled, kidney no, wood is not flexible, but brittle. These branches will delete immediately. A nice Bush of black currant has 15-20 branches. To do this, each young growth choose 5-6 of the strongest shoots, they should be located symmetrically.
Without regret pendulous crop lying on the ground branch, growing inside the Bush shoots. Remove old shoots, you recognize them by their dark bark and short growth.
Burn everything you cut off, as it is old and diseased branches plant pests. Do not leave the fire unattended, before leaving, extinguish the fire and coals pricopie the ground.
As soon as the soil is ready for processing, produce loosening the trunks and enrich the ground of nitrogen and complex fertilizers. This will allow you to harvest delicious berries.
Advice 2: How to prune bushes
Shrubs – an essential element of garden plots. They are divided into fruit bushes and decorative. Some inexperienced growers think that the main thing is to plant them in a spacious and fertilized holes, and trimming and forming a secondary matter. But this is a misconception. Any Bush you need to prune.
The first rule that applies to all bushes, without exception, completely remove old, diseased and dead branches. Then remove the "tops" that is vertically positioned shoots inside the crown, and branches that spoil the appearance of the Bush (for example, clearly unsuccessfully). This is best done in spring until Bud break. Preferably the slices obscure garden pitch. If you are late – pruning can be carried out in early summer.
Now decide what type of hive you want to give. For example, the black currant or gooseberry bushes it is advisable to leave no more than four powerful branches 3-4 years of age, not counting the young growth. A raspberry, annually gives a lot of new shoots, all the old stems, which gave the harvest or in the fall after harvest or in early spring, it is necessary to cut (at ground level).
From ornamental shrubs, the growth of which is formed of branches of trees around the perimeter of the crown (e.g., such as lilac, Japanese quince, amelanchier, etc.), pruning should be kept to a minimum. Her main goal: to maintain the aesthetic appearance of the Bush. That is, limit pruning some of the shoots, is clearly acting for the common border.
Such shrubs as Jasmine (mock orange), bigleaf hydrangea, almonds trilobate, etc., flowering occurs on the shoots of last year. Therefore, immediately after flowering, you should trim off withered branches, from the point of branching with a strong growth (which will bloom next year).
Shrubs, giving an annual root growth, you must regularly thin. Excessive thickening not only deteriorates their appearance but also reduces flowering on strong shoots (as the new shoots take, the moisture and nutrients from the soil). So the rule is: each year cut out one of the three escape. Pruning needs to be done as below, at ground level. Don't be alarmed if after this procedure, the Bush will look sparse. Very soon will the new shoots.