Advice 1: How to prepare seeds for planting

Many garden plants before actually planting in the ground ready, planting them in pots and boxes at home, so germs are guaranteed to germinate. So they will be easier to grow already in the soil of your vegetable garden.
Instruction
1
Better to buy from the prepared seeds. They are already calibrated, disinfected, covered with nourishing and protective substances. However, when this possibility simply does not prepare Seeds to seedlings with his own, starting with simple sorting. Do it in a saline solution: surfaced and settled seeds are sown in different boxes, and shrunken thrown out.
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To the seeds "Wake up" and their immune system is older, use immunomodulators. Seeds will not be superfluous to process Phytosporin that will make the germs resistant to the root borer and the incidence of blackleg.
3
Solar heating is also important. Scatter the seeds on a thick cloth in warm and Sunny weather to lay back a bit in the sun. Don't forget seeds stir occasionally. Repeat this procedure three times or more. If there is a UV lamp, irradiate the seeds with it.
4
The soil should be loose, well permeable to air and moisture, rich in organic matter and elements and do not contain pests. If at home make a full ground is not possible, buy it at the same time, note the appearance of the soil in the package. It should not contain lumps, be compressed and have foreign matter.
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The ideal soil for seedlings consists of 8-9 components. Sand, lowland and peat moss are mixed in the proportions 2:1:1 and produce a porous and friable structure, comfortable for the plants. The excess acid is eliminated calcareous materials such as chalk, dolomite flour, crushed limestone, marl. High-quality substrate includes all micro - and macroelements, necessary for rapid root growth. Therefore, the soil required additional fertilizer.
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It is also desirable that the soil for seedlings contained vermiculite, which provides an impressive water-holding capacity, thereby not allowing the soil to dry out. When you purchase soil, be careful to include all the listed components (or at least almost all).

Advice 2: How to prepare carrot seeds for planting

Many gardeners believe that seeds of carrots do not require any preparation before planting, they can be used immediately to sow on prepared beds. However, in this case, the seedlings are either very dense, or can not wait. To ensure that you receive the excellent harvest of root crops, it is better to spend some of the procedures.
Instruction
1
About 2 days before sowing carrots in the open ground guide their germination. This technique not only speeds up the germination of plants, but will also provide needed moisture in the first days, so you can not water boarding. This is especially true for truckers who are not often at their sites. Besides, it often happens that the water in the cottages begin to be served later.
2
Soak the seeds in room temperature water for 12 hours. Thus for all this time will need 3-4 times to change it.
3
After the seeds swell, scatter them thinly on a plate or saucer. Use a damp cotton cloth.
4
The plate is put in a warm place. The optimum temperature for germination of carrot seeds is 20-25 degrees. Note that planting material should be kept moist, but not wet. Periodically spray them with a spray bottle. The seed layer may be gently stirred to evenly moistened. However, when they are afoot to do don't need it anymore, because you can easily damage the delicate roots.
5
The sprouting need for 2-3 days, during which time the bulk of the planting material should appear roots with a length of about 5 mm. By this time the number of germinated seeds is 20 to 40 percent. But this does not mean that others will not germinate, germination of carrots is approximately 80 percent.
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If you wish to obtain uniform germination, it is possible to carry out the following procedure. Carefully collect the seeds that have already sprouted. Put them in a damp cloth and then place it all in a plastic bag and put it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. Keep them that way until landing. The remaining seeds continue to germinate.
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There is another easy way to prepare the seeds for planting without soaking — sparging. This seed treatment in water, saturate with oxygen. The treatment increases germination of carrot seeds several times, and the first sprouts will appear after a week.
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This would require a compressor for aquarium. Place the tip of the hose on the bottom of the jar and fill it 2/3 with water at room temperature. Turn the device on, and then put in a jar of carrot seeds. Periodically gently stir. Time bubbling carrot seeds — about a day. After this planting material should be dried and begin planting in the garden.
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