You will need
- - skin tests;
- - immunoassay blood test;
- - provocative tests.
If you have allergies, you might have a runny nose, watery eyes, itching and redness of the skin, but these symptoms are quite common and other not less serious illnesses. It is impossible to say and make a diagnosis based only on objective symptoms and manifestations of the disease. Accurate diagnosis is made the doctor the allergist-immunologist based on the results of the survey.
Skin test to identify the allergen is held in the form of injection or scratches on the skin or under the skin make the allergen within 24 to 48 hours, a medical officer inspects the site of allergen. If there are redness, swelling, peeling, there is a reaction and the allergen is considered to be identified. It is not uncommon for a reliable result it is necessary to spend tens, hundreds of samples, which takes a lot of time and does not always lead to the desired result.
More reliable and quick information about allergies can be obtained if the conduct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay blood for the presence of antibodies. The blood taken from the vein early in the morning, strictly on an empty stomach. The results of the study enable the determination of multiple allergens in a short period of time. Today is one of the most reliable and fastest types of survey, which saved the lives of many patients, as the rapid development of Allergy every minute.
Provocative tests have been used successfully for accurate diagnosis adults and children. Allergen introduced by inhalation, injection into the nose, eyes, or respiratory tract. This method of determining allergies is still popular, especially if you need to determine predisposition to bronchial asthma.
After you identify the allergen you will prescribe the necessary treatment. Do not forget that throughout life will have to avoid contact with whatever causes the allergic reaction.