Advice 1: How to plant plum

If you decide to inoculated plants for the first time, then of course you have doubts. Meanwhile, in the technique of grafting isn't hard. Moreover, vegetative propagation has its advantages, because only when it retains all the characteristics of the variety. Let's talk about how to instill the sink.
Plum is better to plant the crown of the same plants, not other stone fruit tree.
Start a good graft. It is necessary to begin in early spring, during the thaw, before the leaves. The cuttings should be cut and put in heat to thawed. However there are varieties that are well grafted onto an apricot. Plum need to vaccinate before the onset of her ten years of age. The simplest and very effective for plums is a way of instilling the bark.
To start sharpen your special grafting knife. Train to do the cut the wild branches to the desired cutting everything turned out. The cut must be smooth, without indent. The length and width of the slice must be the same on the handle and the tree. The crust should get a detailed cut with two right angles. This is not to damage the wood. On the handle need to leave two buds.
Select in a tree the best place in this case to spare the tree is not necessary. The closer the place of inoculation to the base of the branch, the better. At the base of the branch, more nutrients, and therefore better, and splicing.
Place of strapping wrapped on top of the stalk is covered with a piece of tape over it and wear a paper hat. To remove the protection, you can after a film appears first leaves. After inoculation, the tree should be fertilized with a fertilizer to improve the growing season.
All summer below the site of inoculation need to remove the shoots of the rootstock that they are not drowned out by the Scion.
If vaccination is done properly, success is guaranteed in eighty percent of cases.

Advice 2: How to plant trees

Any vacationer should be able to graft trees. This will help him to quickly multiply any varieties of pome and stone fruit crops. If vaccination is done properly, the fruits of the Scion not lose its quality. Wait until the end of may-beginning of April until the plants have not begun active SAP flow. Please be good cuttings, necessary tools and proceed to update the varietal trees in your garden.
You will need
  • Prepared cuttings
  • Secateurs for trimming cuttings
  • Garden knife
  • Tape of polyethylene or PVC tape, adhesive tape)
  • Garden var (plasticine, window putty)
  • Plastic bag and cord
Harvest cuttings in the autumn, after leaf fall. You can buy them from reputable growers. Carefully observe the rules of preparation and storage of the future of the Scion.
• Take them only from healthy plants. Good shoots at the age of year from the top or middle of the crown.
• Cuttings are harvested not less than 40 cm in length. Growth buds on them should be well developed.
• Keep shoots on the ground and covered with soil, or in the basement under wet sand.
Put a stock one day before the inoculation of the trees in the heat. Some gardeners soak them in water. Cut the cuttings, so each were 3-4 buds. Now choose the method of grafting trees.
Private trees depending on their type:
• topolyovka. On the stem and branches of the rootstock make equal slanting cuts-the"reeds" of about 3 cm and Attach them to a fight. This grafting method is often used for cherries.
• In splitting. Laminate garden knife rootstock from the end on the center depth of about 5 cm from the Bottom of the cutting, make a few random cuts. The resulting wedge should match the size of the splitting on the branch. One slice should be near the kidneys. Insert the wedge into the split, to the bark of the rootstock and Scion match. So it is possible to instill any culture.
• For the crust. Along the branch cut the bark, making a strip about 4 cm Take the bark to the side and insert the cut stalk. Oblique cut of the Scion should be on the wood. Strongly press in the crust. So it is recommended to vaccinate plum, apricot and cherry plums.
Make harness vaccines. The handle should snap tightly to the branch with tape 4-5 cm in width. Do it polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or use ordinary insulating tape, adhesive tape. Follow the steps below:
• wrap the stalk from the bottom up, having finished tying on the serried sections of the Scion and rootstock.
• Lower the Bud of the stalk, leave outside!
• Cover the harness and the junction of the stalk with a branch garden pitch or cover the plasticine, window putty.
• Top is pull a plastic bag and tie it.
View in 3 weeks, stuck your Scion. If it had not been dried, and the place of junction of the Scion and rootstock you can see callus (tissue that forms after the healing of the wound), grafting wood was successful.
It is important to begin vaccination of the trees in time! SAP flow of stone fruit crops starts a little earlier than seed, so you can instill in them first - until the buds.
Is the advice useful?
In the middle of summer loosen harness vaccines, and when the cutting will grow leaves, remove the plastic bag. The very strapping gardeners leave until spring, so the Scion was able to finally enter into force. Grafted trees can be fed by the autumn of potash and phosphate fertilizers, to better overwinter.
Is the advice useful?