The pond should not be in the shade of trees or buildings so it can be lit by the sun at least part of the day. It is best to create it among the flower beds and close to home. And shape of the reservoir can be completely rely on the imagination, the depth of the reservoir depends on its purpose. For example, hoping to leave the fish in the pond for the winter, need to build special wintering pits or wells.
Approximate average depth of the pond is not more than 1.5 meters. It should also be noted that water at this depth is not warming up completely. To do this, leave areas of lesser depth (approximately 0.3 meter).
As for materials, the easiest way is to use ready-moulded forms, but their main drawback - fragility.
There are many other, more reasonable ways to create a frame and means to do so. Experts, for example, suggest the old-fashioned way to do the bottom and sides of the reservoir from the mixture of concrete is at least 400 stamps (part 1), coarse sand (2 parts) and gravel (3 parts).
First you need to fill the bottom. After it cured, proceed to the construction of walls, which should be in the thickness 12-14 cm, and the bottom. They can also have stairs. Concrete wall need in a wooden formwork or flexible plywood (for a pond with curved banks).
After about 2 weeks you have to clean the pond, leaving water in it for 1-2 days. Then make soil, sand, plant aquatic plants, finally pour water and sarilaya.
In autumn it is desirable to drain the water to catch the fish, clean the bottom and, if necessary, to fix an artificial reservoir.
Advice 2: How to build a pond
How nice on a hot summer day to sit by the picturesque pondand! But what if your site has no body of water? To make a pond you can with your hands. We only need to observe some simple instructions.
Before digging the pond, it is necessary to determine its location. It is important that the pond was not under the scorching sun, in harmony with the surrounding landscape and was visible from the house. Well, if there will grow trees that will provide shade. When the optimal location for a pond is found, it is necessary to identify its shape and size. This is done by means of a rope.
You then need to dig a pit for the pond. Make sure that the angle of slope is 30°. Otherwise the soil will eventually slide and cover the pond. Clean the bottom of the pit from the roots and other objects such as stones, debris. They can damage the film. You can make a raised bottom, dig a pit stairs. Then in the pond in the shallow, middle and deep parts. If the depth of detegent meters, in the pond it will be possible to start fishing, she'll be able to spend the winter.
After this you should cover the bottom and sides of the pit with a special film. It is sold in specialized stores. The joints of the film are glued together with waterproof glue. On the shore of the pond you need to make the overlap of tape. The film need to be fixed, covered with earth from the excavation. You should then put the scenic rocks. They will decorate the pond and fix the film. The pond can be decorated to your taste: put plants, pour sand or pebbles.
Do not leave in winter, the pond filled with water, because freezing, it destroys the concrete structure.