Advice 1: How to pinch back tomatoes

Want to grow in their area a good crop of tomatoes? If you are not planning to obtain from plants the dense forest of leaves and fruits peas, all summer you have to deal with the formation of plants. For this you need to learn how to pinch back (pasynkovat) bushes.
Decide how many stems will have your own Bush tomato. It depends on the type of seedlings (tall or restricted height) and places of its cultivation. In greenhouses plants form more often only 1 stem. Such shaping reduces the risk of terrible diseases tomato - late blight. In the open ground, you can let the bushes grow 2-3 stems.
A few days after transplanting, inspect every Bush tomato. Remove all laterals (side shoots arising in the axils of leaves) from tall (interdeterminacy) forms. At determinant (restricted height) varieties of tomatoes leave one stepson under the first flower brush, and two above it.
Every 5-7 days spend side-shoot removing. Very carefully check the plants. Unnoticed stepson is growing fast and pulls all the efforts of the Bush itself, slowing the maturation of fruit already started on other stems.
In mid-summer for an early harvest on a selective presidnete tall bushes top growth point – cut the top of the main stem, leaving 2-3 leaf after 6 floral brushes. On determinantal varieties for each of the stems should be 2-3 flower brushes. With a larger number of abandoned floral brushes, you can get a lot of immature and small fruits.

Advice 2: How to form a tomato

The formation of the Bush tomato is necessary for a good harvest and protection from late blight. Plants are much branched, giving many lateral shoots, which produce new tomato blossoms. If you do not remove laterals, the fruit will be bad to fill and slow to Mature. To limit the growth of the stem sometimes spend more and pinched the main shoot.
You will need
  • - rubber gloves;
  • - potassium permanganate – 5 g;
  • - water – 1 l
Determine what species are your plants. Tomato plants are standard, with a strong erect Bush and tall with long stems. The first type of tomato grows well in the open ground, gives early yields. The second type is a grade middle-and late-life aging. They are planted in greenhouses.
Make a solution of potassium permanganate in water. Pour it into a wide basin. Rinse it hands in gloves after every hive. Not to post it with the juice of the virus from sick plants to healthy ones, when you break down the laterals from the stems and remove the leaves.
The formation of standard tomatoes.
Remove diseased and yellowing leaves from the trunk of plants. As you grow a tomato Bush podesavate the stem higher up, so he won't break. Express for 7 flower's ovaries, and the rest will break off. Have belkarolin plants removal of laterals is not required as the fruits are medium-sized and perfectly ripen the remaining bunches.
Some medium hybrids Stam tomato bushes you can extend the fruiting period due to the transfer of the growing point on the side of the stem. When the main stem after 5 – 6 floral brushes ceases to grow, tie a large top stepson to the trellis. It will continue to grow and will provide several floral ovaries. All the lower side branches break. What species is your variety of tomatoes, read the label from the seed.
The formation Vasarely (indeterminate) tomatoes.
Remove from the plant all the unnecessary side shoots. High tomato bushes formed in one barrel. If you have the seedlings were planted at a great distance from each other, you consider the possibility of abandonment of the second side escape, only then it can not break down.
Leave the strongest side shoot which will develop under the first inflorescence. Immediately tie up it and follow the two trunks the same way. That is, remove all other laterals and yellowing leaves. Do this at least once a week.
Villevaude side shoots in the early morning, leaving the bars about 2 cm, do Not let the side shoots to grow more than 7 cm, and they will pick up on your growth of a lot of nutrients from the main stem, slowing the growth of the fruit.
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If you had a little tomato seedlings, the number can be increased at the expense of the broken-off side-shoots. Pricopie them in moist earth in a greenhouse and get a new sturdy bushes.
Every Bush tomato must have at least 5-6 fruit brushes.

In August all the leaves on the Bush until the first floral brush can be removed. This will improve the ventilation and the ensuing fruit will ripen faster.
Useful advice
Stepchildren need to remove, leaving a stump of about 2 cm If they are to break down completely, in their place will rise again escape.

Better shoots are not cut, but break it with your hands, not to transfer the infection to another Bush.
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