Advice 1: How to pass a urine test in pregnancy

During pregnancy the woman increases the load on the kidneys, increase which at any time can not cope. Therefore, an important element of the medical monitoring of a pregnant patient is carrying out regular analyses of urine. They allow the doctor time to identify the expectant mother possible complications, kidney disease and other possible health problems.
Instruction
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Analysis of urine can be accurate only if a woman is properly get ready for it.
General analysis of urine is planned and to determine physical properties of urine (amount, color, odor, density, reaction), as well as the level of protein, glucose, ketone bodies, erythrocytes, leukocytes, and epithelial cells. In the absence of a variance, such analysis is carried out once a month in the first trimester, twice in the second and once a week in the past.
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Collect urine for General analysis is performed in the morning, not before 4 to 6 hours after the last urination, and only after a toilet of the external genitalia. Use the second portion of urine volume of about 70 ml. failure to comply With hygiene increases the level of red blood cells and white blood cells in the urine, it is possible to get the elements of inflammation of the urethra. Container to collect the analysis needs to be clean. It is issued either in the lab or you sterilize it over steam for 5 -10 minutes after washing it with the brush with soap. To use better glass, not plastic container. You should not touch her body.Before collecting urine , you need to take a shower. Jet soul to send on the genitals, and unidirectional movements, front to back, wash them under warm running water.The analysis can be affected by the following factors: beets and vitamins, alcohol (deleted in less than 24 hours), medications and diet. In the presence of one or more factors is necessary to inform your doctor.
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During pregnancy can require different types of analysis of urine to identify different kinds of pathology. One of them is the analysis of urine on Nechiporenko, in which going to an average portion of urine in the amount of 25 – 50 ml. It is prescribed for such diseases as pielonephrit and glomerulonephritis. Hygiene here have to be very careful.
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Urine by the method of General seems to determine the functional ability of the kidneys. She is going throughout the day every three hours. For this purpose, eight bottles of indicating the time of collection of urine. Morning urine at six in the morning is poured into the toilet. For a three-hour period, urine issterile it should be in the same Bank, regardless of the frequency of urination. If one container is not enough, use the additional capacity. If in 3 hours you didn't go to the toilet, the Bank is empty. The storage of containers of produce in the fridge.
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Analysis for determination of sugar in urine do when the suspicion for diabetes mellitus or other endocrine diseases. In a large, at least two liters, the capacity of going all daily urine from 9:00 until six in the morning the next day. At the end of the collection it is thoroughly mixed. 200 ml of urine is cast in a separate container, which will be analyzed.
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A common analysis in pregnant women is the definition of urine output. He is appointed in the event of edema, and allows the physician to judge the number detained in the body fluid. Urine is collected daily, from six until six in the morning. Then count the number of the discharged liquid, which correlate with the amount of alcohol consumed per day.
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Urine for culture is collected in the same way as according to the method Nechiporenko: required only the middle portion. Before collecting the vulva wash with boiled water without the use of antiseptic solutions. Hit them in the analysis can give false negative results.It is important to remember and follow all the above rules during the collection of analyses of urine. The slightest deviation from them may affect the correctness of the results. You must strictly maintain the hygiene. To collect urine to use only sterile glassware, storing urine which should be in a cool dark place, preferably in the fridge. Strict adherence to the above recommendations will help the doctor to correctly assess the health of the expectant mother.

Advice 2: Like make the tank a urine culture during pregnancy

The cultures (cultures) of urine and laboratory analysis, which identify pathogens. It allows you to detect pathogens that are dangerous to fetal development.
Instruction
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Bacteriological urine culture is performed as follows: a small amount of biological material is applied in a thin layer on a nutrient medium (agar, sugar broth). Then the tubes are placed in thermostat, where is maintained at a temperature optimal for growth and reproduction of bacteria. Then determine what bacteria are present in the biomaterial, if there are any pathogenic microorganisms. On average, a similar analysis is done up to 5 days.
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During pregnancy bacterial urine culture is carried out not less than 2 times in early pregnancy and at week 36. In particular, when the production of women on the account in female consultation in a number of first tests, prescribe urine bacterial culture test for MRSA. If the expectant mother already has the disease of the bladder and kidneys, such an analysis will have to do it more often. In the period of pregnancy in women hormonal changes, there are physical changes, which include the extension of the ureters. It contributes to the development of infectious-inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. The cultures of urine will help to identify the pathogen at an early stage of the disease and prescribe adequate treatment.
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To get an accurate result, the collection of biological material necessary to follow a few rules. For analysis should be collected in a sterile container Central portion of first morning urine. You need to perform the hygiene of the external genitalia. The analysis to be more accurate, the urine must pass the lab within the hour. In the analysis results of urine culture during pregnancy lists all the microorganisms present in biological fluid: bacteria, fungi, protozoa.
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The performance analysis results of the urine culture are determined in colony forming units per 1 ml (CFU/ml). A value of less than 1000 CFU/ml treatment is not required. If the value is in the range from 1,000 to 100,000 CFU/ml, the results would be considered questionable. In this case, the doctor will give direction for re-analysis. The figure above 100,000 CFU/ml indicates the presence of inflammation, infection, which require immediate treatment. To determine the sensitivity of bacteria to drugs, conduct a study, called antibacterial. It is performed to assign the most effective treatment. Bacteriological sowing again spend 3 weeks at the end of the medication.
Note
Women are advised not to pass urine during menstruation. The study takes an average portion of morning urine: for this first amount of urine (15-20 ml) was passed, and the average portion of morning urine is placed in a prepared clean container (special container will be given in the treatment room).
Useful advice
Before testing it is not necessary to eat vegetables and fruits that can alter urine color (e.g. beets and carrots), and do not take diuretics. Before collection of urine is necessary to perform a careful genital hygiene. Women are advised not to pass urine during menstruation. Collect approximately 50 ml of morning urine in the container.
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