Advice 1: How to take a smear test

The most informative method of diagnosis of inflammatory and infectious gynecological diseases in women is to take a smear from the genital tract. Study for women safe, painless and causes no discomfort.
Instruction
1
A swab is taken from the mandatory use of sterile disposable mirror and other medical tools required for the manipulation. In the diagnostic centre or clinical diagnostic laboratory performed a detailed cytological examination and analysis of the microbial flora of the vagina and the reproductive tract of women. The presence of inflammatory process (acute or chronic) is additionally a microscopic examination of cells and cellular elements.
2
Lactobacillus or beneficial microorganisms in the vagina of healthy women protect against pathogenic and pathogenic microorganisms and prevent the development of inflammatory process. Before the procedure of a fence of a smear and obtain reliable analysisbut you must fulfill the following conditions: for 7 days before analysisand canceled all antibacterial and sulfa drugs; stop the introduction of 1-2 days treatment vaginal plugs and conducting various douching.
3
Typically, obstetrician-gynecologist to conduct the study taken from the genital tract three of the swabsfrom the cervical canal, the walls of the vagina with the urethral mucosa. Taking each smear is performed using disposable sterile spatulas. The material is transferred with a spatula on a sterile glass slide, placed in a container and sent for investigation to the diagnostic center. At the same time the material is placed on nutrient medium. When bacterial growth is the formation of specific colonies, and at the same time is determined by the sensitivity test of pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics.
4
The results of laboratory studies gynecologist receives a report on the composition of the microflora of the vagina, on the state of epithelial cells, the number of pathogenic microorganisms. The increase in the number of white blood cells indicates the presence of acute inflammatory process.

Advice 2: How to get tested for worms

It is an unpleasant disease – infection (invasion) parasites. Often it is particularly concerned about children who are dragged into the mouth of the dirty objects and dirty fingers. To get rid of this scourge, there are effective medicines and strict hygiene. However, first you need to accurately diagnose parasitic infestation is to hand over the analysis on worms (helminths).
You will need
  • Clean container with lid
  • Q-tip
  • Glue, paper and pen for labels
  • Water
  • Sticky tape and bits of glass
  • The direction of the blood
Instruction
1
Turn on analysis of the feces for the detection of worms in it these parasites lay eggs. To obtain reliable data it is recommended to buy in a drugstore a special one-time capacity-a container with an airtight lid and spoon made of plastic. You can also use small clean jar (e.g. baby food), screw down tightly. Stick to the capacity of paper (purchased container it already is) and indicate on it the name and the time of analysisand for worms.
2
Do scraping on enterobiasis (pinworm infection). Such analysis is easy to do for small children at home. Remove the swab and the specialist directly in the laboratory, however, a child this process usually causes the resistance. Early in the morning, moisten a clean cotton swab with water and wipe with baby perianal folds. Immediately after this place the smear in a clean container.
3
You can also stick to the anus a piece of adhesive tape of cellophane, quickly remove it and place between two sterile glass slides (set of panes and films will give you in the clinic). It is recommended to conduct such test 2-3 times at intervals of 3-5 days.
4
Give blood for determination of helminthes. Sometimes detect parasites previous methods fail, the doctor may advise additional research on blood concentrations of immunoglobulins - molecules which struggle with toxins and pathogens. The result of the analysis ofa blood will allow the doctor to determinewhat type of worms parasite in your body. After this, you will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Note
You will have to be tested for worms, if you will not abide by strict hygiene rules. Thoroughly wash children's toys and furniture; wash and iron on two sides underwear; change it every day; short cut nails – they become the center of parasite eggs.
Is the advice useful?
Every 10-30 days after treatment of parasitic infestation repeat twice tests for worms; then (a few months) monitor the possible re-infection of worms.
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