Depending on the localization of the hematoma is subcutaneous, intramuscular, intracranial. As – clotted, infected and festering. Hematoma is formed not at once, because coming from a damaged vessel blood more time remains fluid, and then coagulates. In the surrounding tissue starts to develop a reaction to this process, i.e. there is a kind of inflammation, resulting in the formation of the shell around accumulated blood, preventing its reverse absorption. Thus, there is a blood tumor.
To determine subcutaneous or intramuscular hematoma is not difficult because of its telltale signs are the formation of a hematoma, or bruise, redness, if the affected deep tissue), swelling, pain, local temperature rise, and sometimes a limitation. Hematoma of the internal organs and brain to determine somewhat more complicated, since the symptomatology has significant differences. Most often it is manifested by signs of compression of nearby organs that send alarm signals through strong pain and ill health. Install it for sure is possible only with the help of ultrasound (internal organs) and computed tomography (hemorrhage in the meninges).
Intracranial hematoma can increase in size for several days after the injury, it turns out the so-called traumatic acute subdural hematoma, in which bleeding occurs between the membranes of the brain. In this case, it is able to threaten the victim's life, so often to resolve using emergency methods.
In the treatment of newly formed subcutaneous hematoma use cold, and the next day resolving local heat treatments and strengthening blood vessels with vitamins and pharmaceuticals. Intramuscular hematomas require more prolonged use of physiotherapy, and abdominal - medical monitoring and a completely different treatment given exclusively by the specialist.