Ticks can meet not only in the forest area on the territory of Russian Federation but also in parks and gardens. It is not excluded a meeting with the parasite even in an urban environment in the territories overgrown with grass and shrubs.
In a pine forest mites settle rarely, only in case of favorable conditions for survival. If the forest is overgrown with grass, bushes, there are uncleared deposits of fallen trees, there is felling, heated by the sun and sufficient moisture level is the most favorable conditions under which the reproduction of the mites will be most active. So the myth that to visit the pine forest is perfectly safe, has nothing to do with reality.
Mites it does not matter in a forest to settle. Importantly, the conditions were favorable. In a pine forest in the beds of fallen trees inhabited by a huge number of rodents. They inhabit the larvae of the parasite live and until then, until they turn into nymphs – an intermediate state between a tick larva and adult fish.
In dry pine forest, where there are thickets, fallen trees and felling, ticks are rare. But when you visit any forests, do not forget about security measures. Clothing should fit snugly to the body, the pants need to fill in the boots or shoes, be sure to remove the hair under the scarf or thick hat, sprinkle with all things spray designed to repel ticks.
When the tick all-taki has stuck, you should immediately contact the nearest hospital. If you reside in endemic areas, you will be given an injection of immunoglobulin, which can help prevent tick-borne encephalitis.
In the absence of the ability to pay a visit to the doctor, the tick must be carefully tie a strong thread to pull and loosening movements. If the head of the insect is left in the skin to remove it can be disinfected with a needle like a thorn. Then hurry to the hospital. You will catch a parasite in the glass container, to be able to examine him if necessary.
Advice 2: Where there are mites
Mites are the most common representatives of the arachnids that attack animals and humans. According to the statistics of 2011, from the invasion of these bloodsuckers in Russia has suffered more than 570 thousand people. The main danger is infection, which carry these arthropods: encephalitis, liberalis, and the animals — piroplasmosis. Fans of outdoor recreation can protect themselves by following simple rules of behavior in the forest and the Park. First of all, it is important to know where there are ticks.
The first spring hike in the woods or the Park, please contact the local exterminators. Learn whether recorded in your region cases of tick-borne encephalitis and other diseases. If necessary you will be referred for vaccination. Employees of the sanitary control will tell you what time and where to wait for the invasion of mites.
If you do not use protective clothing and special protection products, during the recreation a lot of chances to hook up with a bloodsucker. This is an extremely numerous class – there are more than 48 thousand species! Most living on land and in fresh water, feeding on decaying organic matter.
In green areas, you will likely encounter soil mites. They love to chew on plant residues, which can be in the forest litter. In April the adult females become more active and crawl out on the hunt. For the normal maturation of the eggs they need nutritious food the blood of animals and humans.
Predators moving on the green bushes and waiting for their prey. They may take a fancy to meadows and shrub thickets, clear cuts and forest edges. Most ticks happen in very moist and moderately shady places, among the deciduous trees, in ravines, dense herbage, young aspen, hazel and clover. If you have a pond, they will hide in coastal thickets.
Your task is to explore the distinctive landscapes and avoid most crowded places of the mites. Some of their representatives are able to smell the victim at a distance of ten meters. Therefore, a particularly large number of predators accumulate on the grass and bushes along the roads, which are constantly people walking. Should beware and branches that hang over the trail at a height of not more than a meter.
Sanitary doctors emphasize that the highest number of mites was observed in the period from late April to early July. At this time the best places for walking in the fresh air will be well lit and windy meadows, groves and landing without undergrowth, dry pine forest. The most active arthropods show in the mornings and evenings. A day in hot weather and during rain, the danger of an attack of the bloodsuckers is greatly reduced.
Gradually nutrient reserves are depleted ticks, and they die. Already hot in June and July they almost never attack people. However, until the end of September, some representatives of this class are temporarily activated, so during the "tick season" don't forget about safety precautions.