Ramadan is the ninth month of the lunar calendar. According to legend, at this time, many years ago God revealed to humanity his teachings, the Holy book-the Koran. The message that was transmitted via the Arab preacher Muhammad from the hands of the Archangel Gabriel. In honor of this momentous event is celebrated the Night of Power which falls on the 27th day of Ramadan.
On the first day of Ramadan opens the gates of Paradise and closes the gates of Hell. Evil spirits, devils do not disturb devout Muslims, as they were in iron chains. And those demons that remained in the people and grind their souls from the inside, expelled during the fast Oraza. It lasts as much as himself the Holy month and requires a few strict limits. Post oraz is one of the five inviolable pillars of Islam.
In Ramadan Muslims are forbidden to take food or liquid in the daytime. In addition, not allowed to have any contact with persons of the opposite sex, which can be regarded as affection. Post must comply with all people who have reached puberty. The boys reach it in 12 years, girls – 9. Children under this age from fasting oraz freed as the elderly and mentally ill, and pregnant and lactating women.
For the retreat of fasting, every Muslim is punished. Unless there is a valid reason, then one missed day of Oraza believer needs to make up for any additional day after Ramadan, and to make a donation or to feed one needy. For sexual intercourse during the daytime of Ramadan Islam punishes the violator 60 days of fasting or assistance to the poor 60.
The bodily cleansing in the period of sawm fasting is the basis for spiritual purification. In this month Muslims try to spend much time in reading the Quran and prayer. They do good works, give alms, learn compassion and forgiveness. The night of Power Muslims spend in the Wake. It is believed that on this night, miracles happen: the faithful turn to God asking for mercy and receive it. In addition, at this time come the signs from above, signs on the fate of the world in General and its individual representatives in particular. Good or bad, change them no one.
After the three-day Ramadan begins Eid al-Fitr, feast of breaking the fast. These days families are trying to gather under one roof all the family, offering traditional dishes and give them out to neighbors. Families of the dead over the past year, invited the Mullah and perform funeral rites.
The month of Ramadan often does not coincide with the calendar month. This is due to the inconsistencies of the Islamic lunar and Gregorian calendars. For this reason, every year the start of Ramadan moves back approximately 11 days. So, in 2012, the Holy month starts July 20. Note, however, that in some Muslim countries, dates of Ramadan may vary from the usual. This is due to differences in calculations or weather conditions.
Advice 2: What is Ramadan
Ramadan called one of the most important months in the Muslim calendar. This month are supposed to fast and to behave in a particular way, demonstrating humility, forgiveness, and a willingness to help others.
Ramadan lasts about 30 days, but due to the peculiarities of the Muslim calendar, the dates of its celebration annually shifted. This is because the Muslim calendar is shorter than the official Gregorian calendar by 11 days. The beginning of Ramadan every year is defined in a special way: use astronomical calculations or observations of lunar cycles, and also takes into account the opinion of people with a special authority among Muslims. At the same time in different countries Ramadan may begin at different times.
Ramadan is due to a number of restrictions. In particular, it is impossible during the day to eat, smoke and drink, though the ban expires only after sunset. You can't use injections and take an enema, and if necessary for treatment, you need to "clear," giving alms to the poor. Also in the daytime it is strictly forbidden to have sex or even kiss. Day should not be noisy, while after dark resolved cheerful festivities and dancing.
Ramadan is a time when Muslims must learn forgiveness, tolerance, discipline and compassion, and to demonstrate to Allah, his humility and obedience. That is why during this month should be a lot to pray and forbidden to be angry, to behave aggressively, to hurt other people by word or deed. Moreover, even in dealing with the infidels, the Muslim must behave warmly and friendly. Also supposed to give charity, give food to the poor, to help others.
There are people who in the month of Ramadan you can not comply with some regulations, especially concerning food and drink. We are talking about the travelers, pregnant women, girls during menstruation, sick physically and mentally, men and children. However, all of them, except babies and the mentally ill, are told to catch up as soon as the opportunity to do so.