Advice 1: How to choose the right variety and plant an Apple tree

There are many different varieties of Apple trees, which differ not only in speed of ripening, but also in taste. To choose the appropriate variety of the variety difficult, but if you carefully examine basic features, you can easily determine what you need.

First consider what kind of Apple trees you want to plant in the garden: early maturing, mid-season or late maturing. To early include Papirovka, Orlovym, Arkadik and Dialogue. The fruits ripen in early August. Mid-season: Autumn striped, Zhigulevsk, Cranberry, Delight, the President and others. Harvest you can begin to collect the second half of August. Late: the hero, Kulikov, Orlik, lighthouse Zagorje, Bolotovskii, Marat Busurin and Spartan. Apples begin to sing in September. They are stored long enough – for several months.

Please note on the palatability. Sweet and sour varieties of apples: Autumn striped, Brown striped, Delight, Zhigulevsk, Cranberry and Brown new. Fresh-sweet Candy, Lungwort, Legend. Sour: Antonovka. There are many other new varieties which are annually withdrawn in nurseries. Before you make a purchase, consult with experts. Do not buy seedlings at the market.

Planting seedlings is best in late autumn or early spring. Dig a hole with a depth of 40-60 cm depending on the size of the root system. Add humus, some sand, peat and mineral fertilizers. Well spill the hole with clean water, place the tree at an angle of 90 degrees and sprinkle the earth. If you are planting in the fall, wrap the trunk of an old blanket to protect it from frost and rodents.

Pour the Apple does not need, if not very hot weather and periodic rains. If the drought came, orosite plants at least once a week. Don't forget to remove weeds. In the spring be sure to remove dead branches with pruning shears. Crown start to form in the 2-3 year life of the tree. In principle, this can not be done, if you don't want to give the tree a beautiful shape.

Periodically treat the trunk of the lime tree and the leaves of drugs from pests, which can be purchased in gardening stores. After using chemical agents to use the fruit in food is undesirable for several weeks, so the treatment is best carried out in early summer, and then after the appearance of the ovaries. Collect the fruits as they Mature, before they fall to the ground.

Advice 2: How to plant an Apple tree in spring

The Apple tree planted years or even a decade, the tree should grow and enjoy its fruits for generations. It is therefore very important to choose a good released varieties that produce well in your area, to correctly plant seedlings and care for them.
You will need
  • - seedling Apple;
  • - the pruner;
  • - shovel;
  • - 2-3 buckets of water;
  • - humus;
  • - sawdust.
Fruit trees, including Apple trees, planted in the period of biological dormancy, when growth has already stopped or has not yet begun, that is, fall or spring. Experienced growers advise to plant seedlings in the fall, but the spring planting an Apple tree will be fine to grow and develop.
Prepare the planting hole in advance. This is best done in the fall or a week before planting. Pick on your plot is Sunny, wind-protected place. Dig a hole approximately 70x70 cm, fill it 1/3 humus or compost, then put the top fertile layer of soil and leave until planting.
After the purchase a seedling, inspect, cut off the dry and rotten roots and branches to living tissue slices sprinkle rastolchennym activated carbon. A couple of hours before planting dip the roots of seedlings in water.
To protect the roots from drying dip them in earthen or clay mash, diluted to the consistency of thick cream, with the addition of fresh mullein.
In the prepared hole and make a mound in the center. Put the seedling in it so that the roots evenly departed in all directions from the trunk. The roots spread to the soil filled the space between the roots evenly. The site of inoculation in soil is not zaglubljaja.
Fill the hole with fertile soil while the seedling slightly podrachivaya that the land has filled all voids. After the roots are fully covered, tamp the soil around the tree's feet. The toes should be positioned toward the trunk of the sapling, and the heel is to the edge of the pit.
Add the ground and once again seal the soil around the seedling. Do the roller at a distance of about 0.5 m around the tree and pour it liberally, it will need 2-3 buckets of water. If the hole is settled, add more soil. Over mulch the surface with manure, compost or sawdust, it will protect the ground from drying out. The layer should be quite thick, about 10 cm.
When planting multiple trees, place them so that between them the distance was not less than 4 feet. Otherwise overgrown crowns will interfere with each other, which will lead to the deterioration of fruiting.
A young Apple tree liberally pour 3 or 4 times over the summer, spring and mid-summer, feed the tree infusion of mullein.
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Insert a stake beside the plant and tie the trunk to it with twine (or other rope).
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