Advice 1: What's limit of sugar in the blood

Diabetes is a very common disease among residents of all developed countries. Reasons for its appearance can be a variety of factors: poor diet, overweight, Smoking and alcohol abuse, various comorbidities, etc. is Very important for the prevention and treatment of diabetes is controlling blood sugar levels.

The normal rate of blood sugar the same for everyone and does not depend on age or sex of the person. He is from 3.5 to 5.5 m/mol in one liter of blood.

The analysis shall be carried out in the morning on an empty stomach. If the level of sugar in the blood ranges from 5.5 to 6 m/mol / liter, it is a border condition or a condition close to diabetes. This applies to capillary blood. For venous allowed the figure to 6.1 m/moles per liter.

Indicators of the level of sugar in the blood can be too high, if you made any violations in the process of analysis. In addition, if you have recently experienced a serious trauma, stress, illness, the indicators can be distorted and this situation should be discussed with your doctor.

The rise in blood glucose occurs as a result of the absence or insufficient production from the beta cells of the pancreas of the hormone insulin due to the fact that its action is weakened.

Anxiety symptoms of diabetes that you should be alerted, are: feeling of weakness, nausea, pronounced thirst, frequent urination, feeling of palpitations, rapid and deep breathing. In addition, this excessive sweating, irritability, constant hunger, sleepiness, limb numbness and other discomfort in them.

If you have elevated levels of glucose in the blood, serious consideration should be given to this issue. Launched diabetes affects the nervous system, the brain vessels, heart, vessels of the limbs and eyes, heart and kidneys. The result can be such serious complications as myocardial infarction and stroke, chronic renal failure, vision loss, limb gangrene, etc.

In the case where a diabetic patient person performs all the recommendation of the endocrinologist, controls the level of blood glucose, diet, lead a healthy lifestyle, his health will be no worse than that of people without this diagnosis.

Advice 2: What should be the blood sugar in a child

The main source of energy in the body acts as glucose is a product of cleavage of the complex molecules of carbohydrates and fats received from food. Its excessive concentration in the blood is a harbinger of diabetes, whereas lack – suppress the vital activity of organs and systems of the body. To determine the level of sugar in blood can in the biochemical laboratory or using a glucometer.
Blood sugar should certainly first thing in the morning after the last meal should take at least 8 hours. If hunger unbearable, drink plain water without additives, dyes and preservatives. Eating, activity, stress, migrated in the recent past diseases and taking numerous medications distort the results of the study, causing physiologically reasonable increase of sugar level in the blood.
Go to a biochemical laboratory in accordance with the given direction of a pediatrician or test at home using glucometer. Blood sampling for the study is carried out from the finger. Puncture a scarifier or needle of the device is carried out in the pad and on the side. Do not conduct this procedure on the thumb or the index fingers.
Compare the results in mmol/l with existing physiological norm:
• for babies of 2.78 to 4.4;
• for children aged 2 to 6 years 3,3-5,0;
• for students 3,3-5,5;
• for adults and 3.21-6,12.
Identified deviations are not a reason to panic, and the reason for conducting additional laboratory and diagnostic procedures under the supervision of a physician. High-level blood sugar can be triggered by individual immunity of the organism to increasing concentrations of glucose or natural physiological processes in the body – stress survey, for example.
In addition to the study may be assigned an oral test tolerance to glucose, which is carried out on an empty stomach and after ingestion of a concentrated solution of sugar every half hour. The results lay in the coordinate plane "concentration-time" and get a curve, the shape of which is judged on the presence or absence of abnormalities. If after two hours the figures came closer to the original value, the reason for concern.
Test for determination of glycated hemoglobin in the blood to exclude the influence of random factors on the level of sugar. This test shows the average level fluctuations of glucose over the past three months. The normal concentration of these molecules should not exceed 5.9% of the total concentration of hemoglobin. If your results differ, you must undergo a complete examination to identify the factors causing the violation of carbohydrate metabolism in the body.
Risk factors for predisposition to diabetes children who have one or both of the parents suffer from the disease. Viral infection is the trigger for the start of pathological changes. An indirect sign of excessive concentration are thirst, increased amount of urine and reduced body weight.
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Before the examination can not even brush teeth, as toothpaste contain sugar, which through the mucous membrane of the mouth gets into the bloodstream and affect the test results.
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