Great importance in the early stages of pregnancy is folic acid, or vitamin B9. With its lack of women may develop anemia, and fetal − appearing defects. If folic acid deficiency is strongly expressed, increasing the likelihood of miscarriage and missed abortion. Since vitamin B9 is involved in the formation of the neural tube of the fetus (and it is already three weeks after conception), it is important to start taking it at the stage of pregnancy planning. If the pregnancy was unplanned, drink folic acid should from the first day of menstruation. In addition, it is important to enrich the diet of foods rich in vitamin B9. This leafy green vegetables and herbs, grains, fruits, and beef, eggs and dairy products. No less important in the early stages of pregnancy and vitamin E. It has a beneficial effect on the condition of the endometrium, improves blood circulation and helps to normalize hormonal balance. The sooner you get started taking this vitamin, this would be better for a pregnant woman and her unborn child. Natural foods rich in vitamin E, are useful nuts, bran, broccoli, wheat germ and vegetable oils. In the second trimester when all the organs and systems of the fetus is already formed, it is important to ensure adequate intake of other vitamins. Retinol, or vitamin a, essential for normal growth of the child, and b vitamins essential for nervous and musculoskeletal system. Vitamin C is important for immunity, which in women during pregnancy, usually considerably reduced. He also participates in the formation of the placenta and, therefore, useful for the growing fetus. In the later stages of pregnancy plays a huge role in vitamin D. It is necessary for normal absorption of calcium, it needs how the mother's body and the growing fetus. To get vitamin D not only of the pharmaceutical drugs and food, but also spending sufficient time in the sun. To all the vitamins coming in to the body in sufficient quantities and in proper ratio, it is better to take them separately, and in the composition of vitamin-mineral complexes, designed specifically for pregnant women. In this case, subject to the dosage indicated in the instructions, the woman can not worry about the lack of certain substances.
Advice 2: What vitamins to take in early pregnancy
Early pregnancy is the period when the foundations are laid for the baby's health. The lack of vitamins and minerals in the pregnant woman's body can cause problems with child development. If conception occurred in summer or autumn, vitamin deficiency expectant mother is not threatened, and at other times of the year the lack of nutrients need to be supplemented by taking a vitamin-mineral complexes.
Folic acid in early pregnancy
Vitamin B9 also known as folic acid, is one of the most important substances in the early stages of pregnancy. The first few weeks after conception is the formation of the neural tube of the fetus, which determines the subsequent development of the child. A lack of folic acid leads to birth defects, e.g., spinal hernia or hypoplasia of the brain. This vitamin not only contributes to the proper formation of the fetus, but also improves the health of the pregnant woman.
It is advisable to take folic acid even before pregnancy, but if you weren't planning on conceiving, it can be done on the first day, he learned about their situation, and until the twelfth week. In day it is necessary to take four hundred micrograms of vitamin. Folic acid is sold in pharmacies in the form of tablets.
Vitamins it is desirable to support appropriate diet: folic acid is found in green vegetables, cauliflower, potatoes, beans, citrus fruit, milk.
Vitamins A and E
In the early stages of pregnancy is useful to take vitamin a, but the dose should not exceed 1300 micrograms. This ingredient supports cell division and differentiation in tissues and organs, it contributes to the development of the skeleton, nervous system and visual apparatus. But its overdose can lead to abnormal development of the child, to cause malformations of the heart and pathology of the nervous system, affect the appetite and health of the pregnant woman.
Vitamin E is involved in the production of female hormones before birth, increasing the likelihood of pregnancy but in early pregnancy it is also important, as is responsible for protection against miscarriage. Also with the help of this substance is formed in the placenta.
Vitamins A and E need to continue until the end of the first trimester.
Multivitamins for pregnant women
Pregnant women are much easier to take a good multivitamin complexes, which have all the necessary vitamins for a child's development in the early stages of pregnancy. In addition, for the formation of the fruit have sufficient quantity of minerals – iodine, calcium, iron. Thanks to these minerals and vitamins are well absorbed in the body. In multivitamins for pregnant women all these elements are contained in the right quantity. It is especially important to take vitamins, if a woman has a gynecological or other diseases, such as hyperbilirubinemia or cardenales.
Choosing a multivitamin preparation, please note that it was intended for the first trimester – in this case, it will be a sufficient amount of folic acid, dose of vitamin A is not exceeded. The most popular vitamins for pregnant women is "Abusive", "Elevit", "Pregnavit", "supradin", "Vitrum Prenatal".