Advice 1: How to pass the tests for sex hormones

To assess the status of reproductive health and determination of the hormonal regulation of the menstrual cycle in women conducted analyses on definition of hormones in the blood serum. All studies are determined strictly on the days of the cycle. Using the clinical analysis of blood on hormones it is possible to identify various hormonal disorders in women and men.
Instruction
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In the blood on day 3-5 of the menstrual cycle identify the following hormones: luteinizing hormone (or LH), which stimulates maturation of follicle, ovulation, secretion of estrogen and the formation of the corpus luteum; follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), it provides trophic (feeding) of the ovary, stimulates the development, growth and maturation of follicle; prolactin, which exerts trophic effects on the corpus luteum and converts it into functioning from nonfunctioning.
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At 20-21 days of the menstrual cycle determine estradiol and progesterone. Extradiol secretiruetsa Mature follicles, by the adrenal glands. Progesterone is a hormone secreted by corpus luteum and placenta (during pregnancy). It prepares the endometrium of the uterus in women for the implantation of the embryo.
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8-10 days of the menstrual cycle is the study of hormones: testosterone, 17-Oh progesterone, DHEAS sulfate and a protein that binds sex hormones (transport protein SHBG). Testosterone is a male sex hormone, the female body produced by the adrenal glands and ovaries. It is a precursor of estradiol and its excess of normal concentrations can cause miscarriage in early pregnancy. 17-Oh progesterone is precursor of sex steroid hormones produced in the adrenal glands. DHEAS sulfate are also produced by adrenal glands. Transport protein binds androgens in the serum and leaves in the active state only a small part of them.
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In the serum it is possible to determine antisperm antibodies or antibodies to sperm. They can be formed in the blood of women and men, resulting in autoimmune reaction to sperm. The study is being conducted throughout the menstrual cycle.
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Basic conditions of delivery of analyses on sexual hormones: all research is conducted strictly on an empty stomach; only on prescription and on days of the menstrual cycle; limited physical activity and emotional excitement; excluded medications, alcohol in any form.
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Through the study of blood on hormones , it is possible to determine the functional state of the adrenal glands, ovaries, pituitary, thyroid, testes; to identify hereditary diseases of the fetus. The results of the blood analysis on sexual hormones can be suspected tumor, to clarify the nature of infertility, to identify menstrual irregularities, and impotence. The results of the study are used in the selection of oral contraceptives for women.
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Blood on sexual hormones carried out in the clinical diagnostic laboratory and diagnostic center in sterile conditions, trained medical personnel, as well as using disposable sterile material and tubes for the blood draw. Conclusion the results of the study, usually ready in 24 hours.

Advice 2: How to take tests for hormones

Hormones are the biologically active substances of organic origin that are produced in special cells of the endocrine glands and into the blood, exert regulatory effects on metabolism and physiological functions. Sometimes in order to check the state of health, it is necessary to take a blood test for hormones. Therefore it is useful to know how to do it to get accurate results.
Allocate the list of hormones in the verification which may be necessary. Thus, in the direction of a doctor to be tested for thyroid hormones, sex hormones, tumor markers, hormones of the pituitary and adrenal glands. Also, blood hormone studies can be assigned to the expectant mother for prenatal diagnosis. Undoubtedly, before taking any kind of hormones should be mandatory to consult with your doctor, who will talk about preparation for this kind of analysis.

How to prepare for the delivery of the analysis on hormones


There is a list of tips, which should be read before delivery of the biomaterial. Otherwise, the results may be inaccurate, leading to incorrect treatment assignment. It is necessary to consider that the analysis of blood on hormones it is necessary to pass necessarily in the morning on an empty stomach.

Usually, blood is taken from veins in the elbow bend. It is advisable for a few days before the date of this analysis, to exclude products containing iodine. In addition, it is advisable not to eat fatty and fried foods, alcoholic beverages, refuse from nicotine and excessive exercise. Women ought to remember that hormone levels that regulate sexual function depends on the phase of the menstrual cycle, so the analysis of blood on hormones should take 5-7 days from the onset of menstruation.

The results of hormonal tests could be distorted due to taking many drugs, such as Phenazepam" or "Reglan". It is therefore imperative that all medications the patient is taking, was cancelled a week before giving blood for hormones. It is very important to inform the doctor about any existing medical conditions. This is due to the fact that most diseases of the internal organs help to reduce or increase production of hormones.

What to do after delivery of a blood on hormones


After the result of this study will be ready, you must visit a specialist with the purpose of diagnosis and treatment. To restore the hormonal background is not easy to correct, and to correct the reason which caused the imbalance. So this kind of tests need to pass several times in order to avoid laboratory errors associated with the decoding result. Thus, delivery of hormonal test for several times to verify the existence of this problem or not.
Note
A blood test for sex hormones. In the old days, in the laboratories of medical professionals, the women's menstrual cycle was based on the results of studies on animals. The level of sex hormones is constantly changing in length of a woman's life. But in order to carry out the analysis of blood on hormones, it is sufficient to identify the following components
Useful advice
The main blood test for hormones Sex hormones Estrogens are the main female sex hormones. Estrogens provide the development of sex organs, production of gametes, psychophysiological peculiarities of sexual behavior and all phases and aspects of pregnancy. The secretion of estrogens is regulated by the gonadotropic hormones of the pituitary gland — follicle-stimulating (FSH) and luteinizing (LH) and indirectly by fallibilism and luliberin of the hypothalamus.
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