First of all, you need a plan for a course of reading material and the writing on a separate sheet of concepts that you should learn. After this work told verbally all remember, based on the plan. Connect the mechanical memory – walk around the room, biting his pencil, fingering something in his hands. To ensure that information stuck, repeat all learned the next morning. Do not attempt to reproduce all the details as much detail as possible, the main thing to remember the main “anchor.”
Each time you repeat, remember not only the last of the memorized units of information, and from the beginning, but the recent material spend more time and attention. When everything is already learned, look at all the plans again, but do not try directly before exam or competition. This can lead to what you have in mind will be any confusion.
The memorization process can be greatly simplified if you know what kind of memory You have prevails. The traditional school often focuses on developing the student's visual and kinesthetic (writing) of memory. Therefore, reading the text, make pencil marks, highlight with a marker, draw symbols in the margins. Another very good abstract and hand-made production of Cribs. But the abstract must not simply rewriting what you already said in the textbook. Create tables, charts. There is another interesting method is the cluster. Spell the title (for example, war of 1812) and all necessary information to be memorized is grouped by categories or blocks: warlords Russian, French military commanders, battlefields, etc.
Information, unfortunately, rarely remember the first time for a long time. If you don't treat geniuses-mnemonica, then repeat material twice. Ideal organization of work: the first repeat in the evening and the second morning.
If you still have a couple of days before the exam will help you merciless cutting away any details and the assimilation and systematization of the General principles of science. At least it will help you make the right conclusions, answering exactly to the question.