Hibiscus flowering occurs mainly from spring until autumn. Light for growing this type of plants need a bright, diffused. During the autumn and winter season allowed the sunlight rays. In the spring and summer period preferably a light without direct sunlight.
Temperature for hibiscus needs moderate. In spring and summer, the optimum temperature is 18-22 degrees. In the autumn and winter - 14-16 degrees. If the temperature is less than 10 degrees, the hibiscus may drop leaves and even die.
During flowering watering hibiscus profusely as drying the top layer of the earth. In autumn and winter, watering is moderate, after two or three days after drying the top layer of the earth. Holding the plant in winter, at temperatures below 14 degrees, contain the soil moderately moist. When watering it is impossible to prevent waterlogged or, conversely, over-drying of the soil.
Humidity plays a significant role, however, it is desirable to spray the plants, especially during flowering. This procedure is also a preventive measure against spider mites.
Feeding. In the spring and summer need regular fertilizing 1 time per month nitrogen-containing fertilizers, they encourage long bloom. In winter, enter only the phosphorus and potassium in the substrate, at a half dose, 1 time per month or when almost dry content in the cool conditions, do not fertilize at all.
The period of dormancy, hibiscus comes in approximately from November to February, when the optimum temperature is 12-15 degrees. Take care of good lighting and moderate but regular watering. The winter plant can in the trimmed condition.
Transplant the young shoots should be carried out annually, in the spring. Adult plants are transplanted every two to three years. Hibiscus is propagated by cuttings, can also be propagated by seeds.
Advice 2: How to grow Chinese rose
Chinese rose is one of the species of hibiscus, shrub of the family Malvaceae that are grown as houseplants for lush, brightly colored flowers. With sufficient care, hibiscus blooms can be admired from spring to autumn. China rose propagated by seeds or cuttings.
You will need
- - cuttings of hibiscus;
- - ground sheet;
- peat land;
- - sand;
- humus is the earth.
- - drainage.
For growing hibiscus from cuttings use young shoots with a length of about ten centimeters with three or four leaves. Cut them in July-August. If the escape of large leaves, cut half of the leaf plate. Thus the shaft will evaporate less water.
Rooting cuttings of Chinese roses in the water or moist substrate. For rooting in water, place the escape in an opaque container with water. However, it is noticed that plants rooted in the water grow much less than those of the hibiscus, which were rooted in the substrate.
To root the shoots in the substrate, sprinkle on the bottom of the container a layer of expanded clay. It will put the soil, consisting of equal amounts of leaf, peat soil or washed sand. Moisten the substrate and put in it the cuttings and cover them glass jars. Within a month the shoots will take root.
Rooted hibiscus can be seated in pots. To do this, mix the soil from one part of sand, the same amount of humus soil, three parts of leaf soil and four parts sod land. Pots for young plants should have a diameter of not more than nine inches.
Chinese rose will suit a well-lit window sill, but from the strong sunlight it should be protected. The temperature in the room where the plant should not fall below twelve degrees. To maintain the humidity of the Chinese rose should be sprayed with warm water.
In the spring, transplant the plant into a pot larger in diameter and trim branches by one-third the length.
Watering Chinese rose regularly, as drying of the earth. The sudden change of the mode of irrigation, lighting or humidity, the plant may lose leaves or buds.
Before the age of five hibiscus transplanted each year, increasing the diameter of the pot. To transplant this plant is best in April. Older Chinese roses are transplanted every three to four years.
With ventilation, avoid exposure of the flower, otherwise it may die.