You will need
- crushed stone;
- metal corners.
Prepare the site for construction. If you decided to renovate the porch, first dismantle the old structure completely.
Dig a hole for the Foundation. If the soil is sandy, pour it in gravel or gravel, good tamp. You should get a depth of about 1.2 m, it all depends on the soil and abundance of water. In the pit fill of sand 20 cm, do the formwork and pour the concrete.
Next, you need to make a base for the porch. From the surface, remove the layer of earth height of 17-21 cm, and the resulting deepening pour the gravel. Tamp the gravel and fill it with sand. Pour water over, just until, until the sand completely fills the space between with rubble.
Proceed to the concreting of the steps. Mount the formwork for each stage. After the mortar hardens from the first stage, pour the sand together with gravel in the inner cavity of the porch.
After I was ready the first step, lift the formwork above to make the second, and so on. the corners of the steps will strengthen the metal area. Push them deep into the concrete mix.
Pad porch make 5 cm below the level of the door opening. The railing, you can do what you want, depending on your ability. They can be made of metal, brick or wood.
The porch stairs are cover tiles, which are designed for outdoor use. Note that the tile surface should not be slippery, it can be dangerous.
That porch lasts a long time, make the waterproofing of the cap. Cover all porch special solution in two layers.
If you decide to attach a complicated design, try not to miss a single detail, otherwise you will not get the desired result, which is focused.
Handrails better still of wood, as the winter this will be the most convenient option. To build a better porch of the same material, from which it built the basic structure. If the house is of brick, then make a porch out of it, and if the house is built of wood, respectively wood.