Advice 1: How to teach a child Russian language

The first teachers and the original teachers of the Russian language for your child, of course, are parents. Their task is to teach the kid right to use certain words, to make his speech was clean, smooth and beautiful.
Instruction
1
Watch your language what and how you say it. The child absorbs, remembers, copies it parents. Two years in the minds of the little man laid the grammatical construction is a frame construction for proper and correct speech. And if with each other you say illiterate in the language, using colloquial speech, then it is likely that your child will speak as well.
2
In the first years of life a child learns the Russian language in communication. Talk to your baby, show new items and call them, but call it correctly, not distorted, not repeating after the pronunciation, even if his words seem ridiculous to you and touches you. Feeding the baby the car, say "car" and not "BBC" or something. If your child is happy to bring you a doll and says: "Kate", - nod your head, but say the word "doll". So the child will remember the name and correct pronunciation.
3
Teach Russian language in the game. In the form of games increase your vocabulary kid. Introduce new objects and words. Great if baby will repeat after you the word a few times, if not, repeat new words yourself and always recall them later. Do not press on the child, be patient.
4
Read the child books. The lyrics are samples of proper and correct speech, so the choice of books approach very carefully.
5
Buy educational games: word bingo, letter blocks, magnetic, or sound alphabet, an educational computer game. Bright, colorful favorite characters toddler in a very accessible and entertaining way to teach him to read.
6
Don't focus on the failures, it is better to praise when the baby turned out to correctly pronounce the word, build it out of blocks.
7
Follow the correct use cases. This will make it easier in the future, remembering the most important spelling rules of the Russian language. To do this, in a conversation with a toddler try to use in speech as much as possible forms of a word. For example: "this weekend we're going to grandpa's! Grandpa missed you. You and grandpa going to play checkers". This will then teach in school.
8
Refer to speech therapist as early as possible if your baby has problems with speech. Correct speech problems before school entry. Russian writing is based on phonemic principle. A child with speech problems writes illiterate, many mistakes. And useless and cruel and then blame the child for poor grades in Russian language.
9
In elementary school, pay special attention to how the child writes. When copying text or email dictation ask him to speak, advisable to "sing through" the words to myself. This method helps to see the errors, control the process of writing. Do not write for your child works, let him write them himself. As luck would have it.
10
Ensure that the child has done homework, were taught the rules. Spelling rules in elementary school only 9, so learning them will be easy. When checking written homework, ask to recall the rule, if the child made mistakes.

Advice 2: How to teach Russian language for foreigner

Teaching foreigners the Russian language is a complicated, time-consuming, multistep process that requires extensive knowledge in linguistic and linguo-cultural spheres.
You will need
  • - A foreigner;
  • - linguistic education;
  • - knowledge of foreign language;
  • - extensive knowledge in the field of methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language.
Instruction
1
Teaching Russian as a foreign language is now experiencing a rebirth. Approach to grammar that had dominated for decades, gives a comprehensive method of teaching. An integrated approach is more adapted to non-standard speech situation. A foreigner who studied this method, it is easy to find that answer, because accustomed to independently formulate their thoughts (cliched phrase in this approach are used minimally).
2
The advantage of the integrated approach is that the speech recognition in this case is faster due to the fact that people, training in a large number of his speaking, hears and feels as if he uttered the word, and therefore is more likely to properly translate it. Also a big role plays his own conversation – he probably heard he uses design and easily recognize them.
3
To teach Russian language to a foreigner, using a complex method of teaching, pay attention to typical difficulties. First and foremost, is the difficulty in interpreting the meaning of the word, caused by polysemy and homonymy. Give this aspect enough time, explain to your students every complicated case.
4
There are also difficulties in the recognition of speech sounds is the existence of words that differ by only one sound ([Sabor]- [the fence]). The alien is not immediately perceive the distinction at the hearing.
5
The greatest difficulty for learners of Russian language occur in written speech. The alien is not immediately possible to explain the principle of verification of unstressed vowels in the root words (many languages lack this phenomenon, and students are extremely difficult to recognize and test this type of orfogramm). The system of case endings and its relationship with the three declensions in Russian language is a difficult to digest complex grammar.
6
The foreigner studying Russian language, the need to digest huge number of theoretical and practical material. But if you constantly dictate and encourage the memorization of rules, vocabulary, syntactic structures, then the learner will have difficulties in communicative sphere.
7
If you really want your student had a good command of the Russian language, when learning use the following pattern: "Identify regularities" - "language" - "Deepening into the theory" (depending on the level of education and possibly the use of visual AIDS).
8
Example:
Subject: Nouns of the third declension.
Step 1.
The words: night, daughter, speech, Sich, Dich, oven...
Question: which part of speech are these words?
Learner response: They answer the question "who?what?" and is a noun.
Question: What kind of nouns are these?
Answer: Women.
Question: what do these nouns end in?
Answer: "b".
9
Step 2.
Thus, nouns of the third declension is feminine nouns ending in a soft sign.
10
Step 3.
You should note that the soft sign at the end is written only in nouns of the third declension, and nouns in the plural.CH., R. p., for example, "clouds", "task", soft sign is not written.
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