You will need
- - self-pollinating cucumber seeds;
- - the ground;
- - capacity for planting;
- - filtered paper;
- - mineral fertilizers.
First of all, take care of the seeds. Given the specificity of plant growth and lack of natural lighting, it is better to purchase early-maturing varieties of greenhouse. Choose the seeds self-pollinated, otherwise you will have to pollinate them by hand.
Select the place on the balcony where you will plant the seeds. Because cucumber is a thermophilic plant, more suitable room, facing South, South-East or South-West. If the balcony Windows face North, be sure to insulate them, eliminating the draughts and the ingress of cold air to the plant.
Plant cucumbers in almost any container except aluminum: from the plastic boxes and ending flower pots. A prerequisite is that the pot should be at least 5 liters per plant and contain a hole for water drainage.
As a primer use a mixture of compost, peat and fertile soil in equal proportions. Try every 5-6 kg of soil add one Cup of wood ash or use ready-made fertilizers.
Before planting, soak the seeds of cucumbers for 10-12 hours. If you want to speed up germination, the seeds proustite. To do this, take a saucer or shallow dish, place several layers of filter paper, put the seeds on it and cover with another 2-3 layers. Moisten all with water, and with heating to maintain a temperature of about 30 degrees. Please note that the paper should not dry completely. Usually after 2-3 days the seeds will form the spine, which can be planted in the ground.
Watering cucumbers need twice a day, morning and evening, supporting the natural moisture. Do not forget about feeding. Fertilize once a week with mineral fertilizers at the rate of 2 tsp in 3 liters of water, increasing this number during fruit formation up to 2 times.
Because of the peculiarities of its structure, cucumbers need support. Once the whiskers appeared, attach the stem to the stake or stretched on the ceiling rope.
As soon as 10-12 leaves, cut the tops to stimulate the growth of side shoots. After 40-50 days, the cucumbers will bloom, and after 8-11 days from the ovary will be the first fruits.
Easier to grow smooth and dlinnoplodnye hybrids that do not require pollination. Without any additional artificial lighting of cucumber on the windowsill you can grow from the end of February, using backlight for sowing can begin in late December.
And how I want in the cold season to treat yourself to a spring salad of fresh cucumbers! You can certainly use store-bought vegetables, but the taste and aroma of they are very inferior to homemade. So why don't you try to grow room cucumbers? On a cold windowsill lay a Board or piece of izolon, the roots of seedlings are not frozen, and the glass can stick reflective film to enhance light. Growing cucumbers on a balcony only if it is heated.