To get started please read the methodological literature on the subject. The most complete method of manufacture and calculation of motors of different models are reflected in the manual N. In.Vinogradova "How to calculate motor", 1974
Identify the main dimensions of the motor, that is, the length of the rotor and its diameter.
Then calculate perforated layer, that is, the size of teeth and grooves.
Determine the winding data, that is, how many turns present in the coil and what is the diameter of the wire. Calculate the magnetic fluxes and the main induction in the parts of the rotor and stator. If you plan to manufacture the collector machine, you will need to determine the size of reservoir, number and size of brushes.
Determine the power loss that will occur inside the motor. In devices of small capacity calculation is performed on the basis of the strength of the bearings, manifold and shaft.
If you produce a complete and accurate calculate, you will need to do so - it will need a shared notebook. However, you can do simplified calculations, which include determination of the size of the magnetic core and the receiving winding data. All other measurements and calculations can be avoided, since the solution of physical tasks do not need to strive for completely accurate data. For example, the engine will not be exposed to excessive heat, so no thermal calculations you can do. Thus, the manufacture of the motor is quite possible, provided that you have at least basic knowledge in physics and electrical engineering. Study in detail the issue, conduct the necessary calculations and try to collect his first engine.
Advice 2: How to calculate motor power
The power of the motor, usually specified in the technical documentation or in the type plate on the case. If so it is impossible to find, calculate it yourself. This can be done by measuring the current in the windings and the voltage source. You can also determine its capacity size. Useful power is calculated by the shaft speed.
You will need
- - table of dependence of a constant of the motor the number of poles;
- - dynamometer.
Turn the motor on by connecting it to a power source with nominal voltage for which it is designed. Connect the tester in series to each winding, setting it to measure current. Find the product of the current in each winding and the voltage. The results fold. This will be the rated power of the electric motor. Voltage is measure in volts, current in amps, then get the engine power in watts.
To determine the power of the motorwithout attaching it to the electric network, follow these steps: 1. A caliper measure the inner diameter of the stator core and the length in millimeters. 2. Determine the frequency of the current in the network. 3. Determine the synchronous speed of the shaft. 4. The number 3,14 multiply the diameter of the core and the synchronous frequency of the shaft. Divide the result by the number 120 and the current frequency of the network. The resulting number of pole division of the scale. 5. Find the number of poles, by multiplying the frequency by 120 and dividing the frequency of rotation of the motor shaft. 6. In the specialized table, at the intersection of the values of the pole division and the number of poles of the permanent way of the motor. 7. Multiply by a constant core diameter squared, length, and synchronous speed. To obtain the power in kilowatts multiply the result by 10^(-6).
To determine the useful power of the motor using a tachometer measure the rpm of shaft in Hertz (revolutions per second). A dynamometer, determine the pulling force developed in it. For this operation it is best to use a special stand. To determine the value of the net power of the motor, multiply the number 3,14 on the measured power, frequency of rotation of the shaft and its diameter.