Advice 1: How to calculate the Northern allowance

For those living in the far North or equated territories, the Russian legislation provides for a salary Supplement, which grows in line with experience. List of regions of the far North and equated localities approved by the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the USSR from 10.11.1967 N 1029. Regional factor to a salary is used from the first day of work in difficult conditions.
You will need
  • - employment history;
  • - documents certifying the identity and age of the person;
  • - accounting in accordance with the place of residence, seniority and age of the employee.
Instruction
1
People who live in the far North and equated territories are eligible for a premium wage. It is calculated in accordance with the experience of man, his salary, age (for young people up to 30 years, the Northern allowance is somewhat different), and in fact by the region where he works.
2
The calculation starts from the first day of work in the far North. So in Chukotka, in the North Evensk district of the Magadan region, Aleutian rayon (Kamchatka oblast), the Islands of the Arctic ocean and its seas (except the White sea), as well as in the Koryak Autonomous area the Northern allowance is charged at 10% of salary for the first 6 months of operation.
3
The amount increases every 6 months by 10% until it reaches 100%. In other areas of the far North it is calculated according to the same scheme, but when it reaches 60% increase is every 6 months and every year. The maximum limit for these areas - 80% raise in salary of the employee. In areas equated to the far North, the Northern allowance in the first year of operation is 10%, then increases every year by 10% until it reaches 50% of salary.
4
Persons under 30 years, who lived in the far North for at least a year, the allowance is charged at the rate of 20% after the first six months and increases every 6 months by 20% until it reaches 60%, then it increases to 20% for the year. For young people living and working in the areas equated to the far North - 10% for every 6 months. Young people who lived in the far North and equated districts not less than 5 years, is entitled to the accrual of Northern allowance from the first day of work.
5
When you calculate the Northern allowance is necessary to clarify the type of terrain. Only in Russia there are 4 types of terrain that are eligible for Northern allowance at the rate of 100, 80, 50 and 30 percent of the salary. For example, Northern allowance in the amount of 80% of wages operates in the far North regions and equated areas it's less.

Advice 2: How to calculate retail markup

The question of the pricing of a particular product or service hurts almost every entrepreneur. The level needs to ensure maximum business revenue, not resulting in a significant drop in demand.
Instruction
1
Determine the size of the costs that are required for the purchase or production of traded goods. Do not forget to add to this amount the fixed costs: the costs for rent and fixed utilities, salaries of employees involved in the manufacture and sale of products, advertising, etc.
2
If you know the amount of the cost that goes into producing or selling one unit of goods, you can calculate the sales volume that is required in order to purchase the fixed costs. The calculations do not forget that the market may have its limitations, so not always you will be able to sell that quantity of products, which was conceived at a certain level of allowances.
3
Different product groups may have different levels of overhead. So, high-quality, exclusive, rare customers purchase the product typically has a larger markup. Allowance for food, commodities should not be high.
4
When setting prices, you must focus on your competitors. To sell more, make the premium lower. But don't get too carried away, after all, consumer psychology can play a cruel joke with you as they will stop buying your products, associating low price with low quality.
5
The size of discounts for regular customers and the cost of carrying out various promotions and draws, it is also desirable to include in allowance for the goods.Also should do the tax payers, which is calculated depending on the turnover.
Is the advice useful?
Methods of calculating the allowance in the economic theory, a great many. If you want to get more information about them, then just buy one or two textbooks on pricing. However, the most optimal methodology for establishing margins do not exist, and even everything described in the literature will not be able to take into account the unique features of your business.

Often, entrepreneurs make the allowance based on our own experience and intuition, correcting them in the process of practical activity.
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Is the advice useful?