You will need
- a syringe;
- - alcohol.
Buy the syringe. For intramuscular injection is suitable for syringes with long thin needles. Do not use syringes with a short needle, because she might not get to the muscles. When administering medication under the skin, inflammation can occur.
Ask the patient to lie down and relax the muscles. This position allows you to enter an injection the most painless. If a person will stand at the time of insertion of the needle of his muscles may involuntarily reduced, which will lead to pain.
Determine what you need to do an injection. Mentally divide the buttock into four parts. The injection needs to be done in the extreme upper part. For convenience, mark this place zelenkoj or iodine. This step is the most important in the whole procedure. If you insert the needle in the wrong place you can damage the sciatic nerve, leading to serious complications and pain.
Take the vial of medication and tap on its tip. Wipe the tip with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol, then break it using a special nail file.
Open the package with a syringe. Without removing the needle and protective cap, slide it over the syringe. Take in one hand a vial of medicine, and tilt. Remove the needle cap and gently draw up the medicine into the syringe.
Hold the syringe needle up and tap it with your finger so that any air bubbles have risen. Gently push the plunger of the syringe, displacing the air until, until the tip of the needle does not appear a drop of medication.
Treat the injection site with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol. Dramatically insert the needle three quarters. Insert the needle under an angle of 90 degrees, so as not to cause pain. Slowly inject the medication. Press the injection site with cotton swab with alcohol and as abruptly at a right angle, remove the needle.
Advice 2: How to do an ass shot
An ass shot is done in the supine position of the patient. The injection site is wiped with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. In the upper outer quadrant at an angle of 90 degrees to the surface, a sharp movement of the hand is the injection and slowly injected the medication. Space shots must be alternated.
Preparation prior to injection
An ass shot is preferred to be in the supine position of the patient. This allows you to make an injection less painful and prevents accidental breakage of the needle as the muscle in the supine position relaxed.
Before placing the injection should wash hands thoroughly with soap and water. Pulling a syringe out of the package, the needle should be put on the syringe with the cap. Nedelev a vial of a drug and broke off the top end, remove the needle cap and dial the desired drug. If necessary, pre-dilute it in water for injections (or novocaine). Then, holding the syringe vertically, made a tapping movement of the nail plate to the body, thus releasing the air from the syringe. Then by pushing the plunger of the syringe to expel through the needle a whole formed in the air. In order to verify the absence of air in the syringe, it is possible to release 1-2 drops of the medicine from the needle.
Technique of injection in the buttock
To determine the correct place of injection into the buttock, you should visually divide it into 4 parts. To make an injection only into the upper outer quadrant. In this introduction virtually eliminated the probability of hitting the sciatic nerve.
The injection site is wiped with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. The syringe should inject a sharp movement of the hand at an angle of 90 degrees to the surface of the skin of the buttocks. A needle is inserted three quarters of its length. Then slowly injected the drug by pushing the plunger of the syringe with your thumb. With a cotton ball soaked in alcohol, you should press the injection site and with a quick movement removing the syringe. After injection, it is possible to massage the injection site the same with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. It promotes complete and rapid absorption of the drug.
It is important to observe
Each time the buttocks need to be alternated. It is impossible to make a shot in the same cheek.
For adults, even if assigned to a drug in an amount of 2 ml, it is necessary to take a syringe with a volume of 5 ml. as the needle of the syringe dvuhgorbogo very thin and small, it is used only for subcutaneous injection. For intramuscular administration is necessary patchbay syringe.
Used syringe and needle must be disposed of. You cannot use a syringe and a needle repeatedly, it can lead to infection.
If injections are made often, on the buttocks can form a small hematoma (bruising), and space shots can hurt. To improve the condition, you can periodically do iodine grid. For this you need a cotton swab soaked in iodine, to spend a few bands crisscross on the outer quadrant of the buttocks.
Follow all procedures carefully pre-washed hands.
If after drug administration was formed lump, put it on a warm heating pad. Purchase at the pharmacy ointment, which helps dissolve lumps and bruises after injections.