Advice 1: How to open a Bank account for a legal entity

In accordance with Russian legislation of the RAbills in cash between legal entities can be established in the amount not exceeding 100 000 rubles in one transaction. RAscores for transactions over this amount should be cashless, i.e., through the settlement account in Bank.
In order to open an account for legal person, you must first select the Bank through which will be carried out operations in the future. Selection criteria may be the cost of opening a current account and connect program "client-Bank", the cost of cash management services. Important criteria will be the proximity of the Bank to the office of the company, the availability of special programs, for example, "Salary project" or concessional lending to customers.
Once you have selected a Bank, you must provide documents for opening an account. Usually their list is the same in all banks. In the package of documents includes:
- the application for the account opening signed by the head and chief accountant of the company,
- cards with samples of signatures of the Director and chief accountant and stamp of the organization
- decision on establishment of legal entity,
- constituent documents,
- certificate of state registration of a legal entity,
- the certificate on statement on the account in tax Department,
- a letter from the state statistics bodies,
- extract from the Unified state register of legal entities,
orders on appointment to the post of Director and chief accountant. In addition, the Bank may request other documents at its discretion.
After providing the necessary documents between the Bank and the legal entitym is a contract for current account maintenance with indication of its number, which can then be applied in the formation of the payment documents.
It should be remembered that in accordance with Russian law, the organization is obliged to provide information to the tax authority at the location of the opening and closing of the current accounts within 7 days from the date of opening (closing). Otherwise, it is subject to a fine in the amount of 5 000 rubles. Similar information should be reported to the Pension Fund, mandatory medical insurance. Failure to do so shall entail imposing a fine in the amount of 10 000-20 000.

Advice 2: How to open a current account for legal entity

Current account is the main financial instrument of the legal entity used for cash flow management. It is required to make payments to partners, tax, transfer of salary, depositing of revenue, cash withdrawals and other transactions related to the implementation of the organization's activities. Generally, the settlement account is opened immediately after the state registration of the enterprise.
You will need
  • - the Charter;
  • - the constituent contract;
  • - minutes of the meeting of founders or resolution of the sole member on establishment of the enterprise;
  • - certificate of registration of the legal entity in the Unified state register (OGRN);
  • - the certificate on registration as the tax bearer (INN);
  • - a letter from Rosstat, the codes of the statistical accounting;
  • - certificate of incorporation;
  • card with samples of signatures and seal;
  • documents on appointment of persons indicated in card with sample signatures;
  • - copies of passports of the persons indicated in card with sample signatures;
  • - application forms, contracts, questionnaires.
Current account can be opened in any Bank or in several if necessary. Anyway, for starters, rate the banks on a number of parameters and based on them select the most suitable for you.
Consider options for service in different banks, focusing on the following criteria:

- tariffs for account opening, cash management services, working in the system "Client-Bank";
- proximity of the Bank office;
- comprehensive service organization (salary project, preferential lending to employees);
- the term loans granted to legal entities in the Bank, including in overdraft regime (making payments in excess of account balances).
Will get the Federal tax service Inspectorate at the place of registration of the company extract from the Unified state register of legal entities. Prepare copies of the minutes of the founders meeting or decision of the sole member on establishment of the enterprise, decisions or orders on appointment of persons who have the right to control the settlement account and disposition of funds (Director, chief accountant, their deputies or, for example, agents), copies of their passports. Assure copies of signature and seal of the head of the organization.
Assure at the notary copies of the following documents:

- the Charter;
- the constituent contract;
- certificate of registration of the legal entity in the Unified state register (OGRN);
- the certificate on registration as the tax bearer (INN);
- a letter from Rosstat the codes of statistics.
Required document for opening an account – a card with samples of signatures and seal. You can make it yourself by downloading the form of reference frameworks, notarize and provide to the Bank. But you can do otherwise: the persons indicated in the card should come with passports in the Bank and leave samples of their signatures in the presence of the employee of a legal entity or operating division, which they will certify.
Request the Bank a set of documents, based on which offers the account:

- application for opening of account;
- the Bank account agreement;
- client form.

Fill them by hand or in electronic form, insert the signature of the head, the chief accountant and the seal of the enterprise.
With ready set of documents refer to legal or operations Department of the Bank where you open a checking account. Depending on the policy of the credit institution, the account you can access either immediately or within several days.
On receiving the notification about opening Bank account, don't forget to notify the Inspectorate of the Federal tax service, Pension Fund and social insurance Fund 7-day period. His badge, faces significant penalties from each of the listed state agencies.
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