You will need
- a rose;
- garden pruner;
- - peg;
- - covering material;
- holder for crown
Spend low pruning all of the shoots on the rose Bush. This stimulates the plant to the formation of new basal shoots. The number of shoots depends on plant variety, but usually, their number varies between 5-10.
Decide what is the height of the trunk. Typically, this height is from 0.7 to 1.2 m Is 3-4 weeks after spring pruning till the time when new shoots will grow to the desired height.
Cut off the lower leaves and thorns when the shoots reach the desired height. Interlace them together. Stronghold shoots in several places to tie a rope, which should be removed when they finally orderevent. Tie the trunk to the peg – it will not allow the plant to bend and will retain the slimness of the trunk. When Stam rose well enough, the peg can be removed.
Try to do standard rose from a Bush with a large number of shoots, as their number determines the number of inflorescences on the future of the pink tree.
Watch out during the summer that the trunk was not formed and the side shoots. Introduced processes to immediately wipe.
Cut faded blossoms, and in a few weeks, rose will give 2-3 new stems. In the period of abundant flowering of such pruning is necessary to carry out 2-3 times a week.
Begin to prepare the plant for winter since the end of August. Reduce watering and do not fertilize the rose with organic fertilizers. With the onset of frost wrap the trunk covering material. As covering material you can use different film used in construction as insulation.
Provide support for the expanding crown. Stam rose reaches its peak of flowering in 3-4 years after planting. Branches of standard roses, which are branches of a shrub, not a tree, it's hard to hold my own weight and many flower buds during the period of active flowering. To help the plant in various holders, which are sold in garden stores. However, the holders can be built independently of thin wooden slats and wire.
Advice 2: How to grow a trunk
Standard forms of ornamental shrubs, looking like a graceful medium-sized tree with a straight thin trunk and lush foliage, are frequently used by landscape designers for decorating gardens. On trunks grow roses, some species of willow, some plants and berry bushes. Standard form is created by grafting or the formation of own-rooted plants after pruning.
You will need
- planting material;
- - IAA;
- nitrogen fertilizer;
- - potash;
- - phosphate fertilizers.
Rootstock for standard roses can be grown from frost rosehip with a strong root system. Dog rose can be grown from seed or dig a well-developed one-year seedling of hedges. The seedlings are planted at a distance of thirty inches between plants. For two years in the future, rootstock should not be trimmed.
In the spring of the third year, the rose hips should be cut off, removing all of unbranched shoots. Straight shoots that grow in summer, leave the two strongest. In August, the tips of the shoots should be pinched.
When growing rootstocks in the conditions of the nursery next spring briar planted on okulirovannyh area. In the garden you can move grown stock in a permanent place. When the plants leave only one direct escape, the rest of the growth is completely cut out. You should remove damaged roots and prune the longest.
Before planting, dip roots of plants in a mixture of clay and water, which added to the tablet of the IAA. Plant a rose so that the root collar was closed with earth. The soil around the plant must be sealed.
During the summer, remove all shoots that appear below the place where will be formed the crown. For crown Express about five shoots. The shoots that appear on the trunk are best removed while they are green. At the end of July or the beginning of August for grown trunk can be grafted kidneys varietal roses.
To obtain own-rooted standard forms use the rooted cuttings of cultivated plants. In this way it is possible to form red currants or gooseberries. For rooting, cut the stalks with five buds and plant in the ground so that above ground there was only one kidney. This should be done in July.
If you are going to grow standard gooseberry, select the branch for rooting and press it to the ground pin. After the appearance of roots, the branch can be separated from the Bush and planted in the ground.
The following spring the buds rooted cuttings will start to sprout. For the formation of the trunk, leave one escape, the others remove as they appear. Remove the weeds around the stalk. Once a month the plant should be fed a solution of fertilizer. In early summer, the use of nitrogen fertilizer in late – potassium and phosphorus.
A year later, the escape currant cut at a height of about eighty centimeters. Leave the top four buds that formed a crown, the rest of the kidneys remove. Shoots that grow from the remaining buds in a year can be cut, leaving four buds on each.
Standard rose requires the same watering and fertilizer are the same as a normal Bush rose.