Electrophoresis as part of physiotherapy treatment
During pregnancy, the prescribed some limitations in pharmacological treatment associated with appearance of undesirable side effects for mother and unborn child. Most familiar drugs are absorbed into the bloodstream and have adverse effects on the liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, penetrate the placenta and can cause unpredictable impairments of the fetus.
Physical therapy is the most safe method for the treatment and prevention of disease States. It is characterized by minimum load on the body of the patient. Electrophoresis is one of the methods of physical therapy effects, is based on deep penetration of particles of therapeutic agents through the skin or mucous membranes under the influence of an electric current of low intensity. Depending on the type of electrophoresis, a positive or negatively charged ions medicinal substances accumulate under the skin and then directly delivered to the desired organ bypass other organs and systems.
The advantages of this method of treatment lies in the fact that even with the injection of small doses of drugs, their possible high local concentration, and achieving long-term therapeutic effect.
Electrophoresis is widely used in therapy, traumatology, otolaryngology, gynecology, etc.
Indications for electrophoresis in gynecology
During pregnancy electrophoresis is prescribed to reduce uterine tone at term is more than 8 weeks. Usually physical therapy is combined with introduction of preparations of magnesium (magnesium is often prescribed). This exposure reduces the susceptibility of the uterus to the hormone oxytocin from the hypothalamus, causing its reduction. The same method of treatment used to prevent premature birth.
Electrophoresis shows and women with cysts, endometriosis established, as well as suffering from adenoids - growth of the tonsils. When toxicosis in early pregnancy this procedure helps to improve health through the effects on the emetic centers of the brain.
Most often in the procedure of electrophoresis used anesthetics, vitamins, enzymes, and vasodilators and sedatives.
Contraindications for electrophoresis during pregnancy are:
- late toxicosis with convulsive States (called eclampsia);
- pathological condition of the kidneys;
low blood clotting, which may increase the risk of bleeding;
- poor performance of fetal development.
If expressed in pregnant contraindications to current therapy in the form of electrophoresis, it can be replaced by galvanophoresis, which uses less amperage with a complete lack of side effects.
Advice 2: How to do electrophoresis
Electrophoresis is a medical physiotherapeutic procedures, in which the drug is introduced into the body through the skin by means of electric fields. The electric current makes the skin more receptive to the medication and increases the therapeutic action of the drug. Electrophoresis done with special apparatus.
Indications for electrophoresis
Electrophoresis is used as a therapeutic and preventive procedures. Its scope is quite wide. The procedure of electrophoresis is prescribed for diseases of the respiratory, nervous, cardiovascular system, atherosclerosis, hypertension, hypotension, scars after surgery, inflammation or injury, seborrhea, rosacea, diseases of bones and joints, eye diseases, ENT organs. It is indicated in chronic indolent inflammation of the female genital organs, inflammations of the genitourinary system, chronic bronchitis, neuritis, radiculitis, neuralgia, trauma to the brain or spinal cord, and sleep disorders. This method of treatment should be combined with medication.
Methods of performing electrophoresis
Electrophoresis is done using a special apparatus having two electrode positive (anode) and negative (cathode). Currently, there are several varieties of this procedure is that due to the different methods of application of drugs and electrical current. When the electroplating technique is electrophoresis from solutions of medicinal products that must be wet the special pad. They are manufactured in size of the electrodes of gauze folded in two to four layers, or from filter paper. Solution medication is applied to the strip, then she put the second strip – protective, she set the device's electrode. The second electrode is placed on the opposite side of the body to create a line along which to move the medication.
Medicinal substance dissociates (breaks up) to negative (anions) and positive ions (cations). If it dissociates with the formation of cations, it is placed on the positive electrode. When dissociation of the drug on the anions, it is placed on the negative electrode. If the drug decomposes with the formation of anions and cations, the strip with a medication that can be put simultaneously by both electrodes. Electrophoresis can be done using vannikovoy techniques. In this case, you use a special container (tray) already built-in electrodes. For the procedure in a container filled with a drug solution, and the patient dips into the liquid necessary part of the body.
The technique of cavity electrophoresis involves the introduction into hollow organs (stomach, vagina, rectum, bladder, etc.) of the drug solution. Then the electrode is introduced into the cavity of the body, and the second feature on the surface of the body. When interstitial technique the drug is taken orally or administered intravenously, intramuscularly, then electrodes are placed on the part of the body, where is the hearth of the pathological process. The duration of the session electrophoresis should be 10-15 minutes. The course of treatment is usually 10-20 sessions that can be conducted in a day or daily.