You will need
- - gladiolus;
- - fertilizers;
- - potassium permanganate;
- - green paint.
Choose a planting gladioli well-lit, dry sites, better if it is a fertile loam or sandy loam. In the autumn dig the ground with a bayonet spade, at the same time making humus at the rate of 2 buckets per square meter. Please note that you can only use compost and not manure.
In the spring wait until the soil has warmed up to 9-10C and dry. In advance, prepare the bulbs of the gladioli. This will clean them and treat with warm water. Heat water to 30 ° C, dip bulbs for 5 minutes, then wipe and dry. This method will speed up the flowering time.
Before planting soak the bulbs in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 1-2 hours. It will perish pathogens of gladiolus. If during the winter there was a place cut them with a sharp knife and apply the paint. After that be sure to dry the slices for 1-2 weeks and then spend presowing treatment of what is written above.
Make a well in the soil furrow depth of 10-12 cm between rows – 20 cm, pour on the bottom a little sand mixed with compost and place the bulbs at a distance of 10-12 cm If the soil is acidic, sprinkle lightly with the bottom of the grooves and even ash. Bury the bulbs and pour. Kids plant in furrows with a depth of 5 cm, the distance between the children observe in 5-6 cm Before planting open their protective shell.
Watering should be done not often, but profusely, the moisture has penetrated to the roots. Be sure to loosen soil every 2-3 weeks, this can be done with simultaneous removal of weeds. Spend fertilizing with liquid fertilizer at least 3 times over the summer.
Tie the stems of gladioli that they do not fall under the weight of inflorescences. In the autumn cut off all the flowers and even the unopened flower stalks. This is to ensure that the bulbs have time to digging to gain traction. Until frost dig up the gladioli, cut the stems and roots, dry them and store in a cool, dry place.
Advice 2: How to plant gladiolus
The main thing that you need to know when planting gladiolus, the flower loves sunlight. In Central Russia, the plant should be planted in late April - early may. His place of "residence" - a flower bed, flower bed, etc. – must be oriented from East to West. If the soil is sufficiently hydrated, even at a relatively low temperature, the roots of the gladiolus will intensively develop that will have a positive impact on the imminent appearance of healthy and beautiful flowers. However, the gladiolus is a flower with character, and in its cultivation it is necessary to take into account some of the subtleties...
You will need
- - bulbs gladioli;
- - wire frame;
- - charcoal;
- - humus or peat;
- - mullein;
- chicken or pigeon droppings;
- - weeds;
- - caustic soda;
- - funds from pests.
Land that in the spring you can put the bulbs of the gladioli, is to hide the film in advance, or can even fall to warm the soil. The film is stretched on a wire frame at a distance of 20 – 30 cm from the ground. Spring bulbs should be planted immediately under the film. In warm weather, the wrap should be removed to harden the flowers, it is very important for successful growth and flowering of gladiolus. Finally to remove the cover it will be possible only when under it will appear a lot of germs.
Before you plant the bulbs in the ground, they should clean away dried flakes. If you find suspicious areas (this may indicate the beginning of any illness), it is better to cut, and slices sprinkle with crushed charcoal.
Planting depth depends on the size of the follicles and the condition of the soil. On light soils the bulbs immersed for 10-12 cm in the loamy 2 – 3 cm higher. If the bulbs are small, they and at all should be placed in the 5 – 8 cm from the surface. After planting gladioli in the ground should be covered with a layer of compost or peat of a thickness of 2 – 3 cm.
Over the summer we need to spend several feedings. The first is done with the appearance of the plants of the third or fourth leaf. As fertilizer is being introduced initially, the infusion of mullein, and then infusion of hen or pigeon dung. Gladioli can feed and chlorophyll a hood. For cooking in a barrel it is necessary to put any plants (e.g., weeds, to far to walk), cover them with water and admixed 100 g of caustic soda. After a week with this solution you can start to feed the flowers, spreading liter chlorophyll extraction in a bucket of water. After the appearance of the fourth leaf of the gladiolus is required to spray the crop pests.