You will need
- Ammonium nitrate, rakes, water.
Ammonium nitrate is the most inexpensive industrial fertilizer. It can be used all year round. Some gardeners scatter nitrate at the site directly on the snow. One of the features of this fertilizer is that it is able to work even in cold soil. In the spring, as soon as will thaw a thin top layer of soil, you can scatter the nitrate phase, slightly close up it with a rake. Using this method, you will prevent the starvation of spring nitrogen in perennial plants.
Many farmers prefer nitrate to other nitrogen sources, however, it should be remembered that nitrate is not suitable for foliar feeding. Never spray the plants with nitrate, otherwise instead of feed, you'll burn them. Nitrate can be found in the soil, not only with a rake. Optimal effect is achieved when applying this fertilizer to a depth of about ten inches, this will allow the maximum amount of nitrogen to remain in the soil.
Well, if you use a nitrate fertilizer when watering their plants. Nitrogen compounds perfectly soluble in water, this method is very convenient, since you don't have to dig or loosen the earth. In addition, these glazes contribute to a more uniform distribution of nitrogen, bringing it into deeper soil layers.
In late summer and autumn use nitrate need more caution. Excessive nitrogenous well-being can make the plant to increase the green mass, instead of giving a good harvest, especially the tomato plants and cucumbers. You may get a huge shrub with small, undeveloped fruits. In order to avoid such effects, about mid-July, begin to reduce the intensity of the dressing using ammonium nitrate.
Many people know that a glut of soil nitrogen contributes to the accumulation of nitrates. This is another reason that should not be abused ammonium nitrate in late summer. Just before harvest, about 10-20 days, stop feeding. To efficiently use the nitrate more active in the spring and early summer, it will allow the plants to get stronger and to gain strength.
Advice 2: Why the need for nitrate
Nitrate is outdated, but still quite frequently used, the name of salts of nitric acid – nitrates. When working in the country as a nitrogen fertilizer widely used ammonium nitrate. Its appearance is white crystals, which is often due to impurities a greyish or pinkish hue. The substance is highly hygroscopic, absorbs moisture from the air, resulting in "caking".
Ammonium nitrate should be stored in dry, ventilated area. Before the actual use (i.e. soil) if necessary, grind the resulting lumps. The advantages of this fertilizer – low cost, easy absorption by plants, good solubility (due to the soil it is possible to make not only dry, but the liquid feeding). Note that in areas dominated by sod-podzolic and podzolic soils, ammonium nitrate is better to make a mixture with equal weight of ground limestone (calcium carbonate) to prevent acidification of the soil. Ground limestone is needed also in that case, if the vacationer decides simultaneously with ammonium nitrate to fertilize the soil with superphosphate. In this case, it is necessary to add from 10 to 20 weight percent of a mixture of nitrate/superphosphate. And at first mixed with superphosphate limestone, and then add nitrate.Some gardeners are faced with the problems of the stumps remaining after sawing the trees. Well, if the tree was relatively small – then to uproot the stump can be effortlessly. And if the big? In this case, the stump becoming a serious problem. To help its solution can also nitrate – only this time potassium. Correctly its name – potassium nitrate or potassium nitrate. Should be drilled (by hand or electric drills) a few deep holes in the side of the stump and fill them in potassium nitrate. After some time (determined empirically, since it depends on the size of the stump and wood density) the entire stump including the roots completely dry up, and it would be relatively easy to uproot. By the way, for this purpose you can use the same ammonium nitrate or sodium, but potassium nitrate works faster and more efficiently. Some gardeners also still use potassium and sodium nitrate in smoked meat. Nitrate plays the role of preservative and contributes to the acquisition of beautiful pink color product. But this method is insecure (as when there is an error with the dosage can happen the strong food poisoning), so it should be used with caution.
A particularly good nitrogen fertilizing in the period of sowing seeds and growing seedlings.
If you are fond of cultivation of flower crops on your plot, you don't have to worry about the overabundance of nitrogen, the flowers usually respond to nitrate only lush blooms.