Advice 1: Who is the eunuch

In history there are numerous examples of faux a person suffers injury to achieve any purpose. An example can be called the emasculation of men for the training of eunuchs to work in the harems. Eunuchs have existed in different cultures, and their status, responsibilities and privileges vary greatly.

Eunuchs in Imperial China



The culture of eunuchs in China is ancient history. The first cases of emasculation of servants in harems Dating back to the middle of the II Millennium BC As the penis and testicles have been symbols of male power, their loss was shameful. Therefore, the first eunuchs became prisoners of war. Later eunuchs were boys from poor families, which this service has been sold parents.
According to legends, people had to appear before the ancestors with an intact body. So eunuchs kept separated parts of the body to subsequently buried with the eunuch.


The position of the eunuch was twofold. On the one hand, the loss of male bodies was a personal tragedy and prejudice to the status of men, but on the other hand, the eunuch had the opportunity to make a career at court. First of all the castrati was entrusted to work in the Imperial harem. But the possible roles of eunuchs was much wider. They could serve the Emperor and his family, to protect the Imperial apartments and to do other work in the Palace. Part of the eunuchs engaged in economic Affairs, the reception of foreign guests, the third was in the medical service of the Palace.

In the era of the Ming dynasty in the late middle Ages - the duties of the eunuchs became even wider. They can work with officials or even command an army.

A large part of the eunuchs lived in the Forbidden City, as well as all of the Imperial servants. However, the eunuchs were more free to choose their place of residence often, to save money, they bought a house in the city. Despite his injury, the eunuchs preserved the right to marry. In this case, they usually adopt children, which they could pass on their name and wealth.

Muslim eunuchs and harems



Judaism and Christianity forbade castration in a religious or other purposes. However, in Muslim countries, as in China, there arose the practice of using eunuchs. This is due to the proliferation of harems, since the X century.
With rare exceptions for Christian countries was the presence of eunuchs at the Byzantine court.


The functions of eunuchs in these countries was lower than in China. The eunuch engaged in the Affairs of the harem, and he could serve as Governor, and at the individual. Also, eunuchs are often engaged in the slave trade and the search for suitable for a ruler or dignitaries concubines. The status of eunuchs in Islamic countries was more modest than in Imperial China, but under certain conditions they were also able to achieve influence at court.

Advice 2: Who are the eunuchs

Social Institute of security guards the bed or eunuchs modern man seems to be a real barbarism. However, this phenomenon was widespread at a certain historical stage.

What was a eunuch?



The word "eunuch" in Greek means "Keeper of the bed". Contrary to popular at present the opinion of the eunuchs was not deprived of a penis and testicles. Under certain conditions, the eunuchs preserved the ability to experience sexual arousal, allowing them to have sex. But children, they could not have under any circumstances. It is considered the main reason for the procedure of castration. Rulers and nobles in this way saved themselves from the threat of illegitimate children-bastards, preserving the purity of blood. Eunuchs often guarded the harems of their masters, cleaned up around the place, was engaged in organisational matters, were the only men on its territory. Their work is generously paid, while the risk of illegal heir to one of his wives or concubines was reduced to zero.


Voluntary and involuntary castration



Men become eunuchs and forced and voluntary. Many poor families send their sons to the service. Castration in childhood were experienced in some ways easier because boys didn't realize fully what they have lost. Hormonal changes in the body during adolescence was different, the body was rebuilt under the changed circumstances, gaining extra pounds. Such voluntary eunuchs generously rewarded rulers who took them. Over time, they can reach really high positions. In most Eastern countries eunuchs could become financial advisers, military leaders, officials said.


Existed and forced castration. In China, for example, subjected to emasculating a captured enemy. In this case, this procedure had just two values. First, castration humiliated the enemy, second, it preserved the purity of the nation as a castrated enemy could not be the father, "spoiling" the family tree of winners.


In some religious cults castration was done as a kind of sacrifice to the deity. Eunuch-monk likewise denied all carnal, sinful thoughts and gave himself entirely to religious service.


The institution of the eunuchs came from the Persians, the Assyrians and the Byzantines, later it was widely spread in China. In China, eunuchs have formed a real, solid cast, which gave a fitting rebuff to any brave man who encroached on their privileges. The Persians and Assyrians the attitude of the eunuchs was always rather contemptuous, harsh soldiers treated them without respect.
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