Advice 1: What is encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is called pathological lesion of the brain due to nerve cell death caused by oxygen insufficiency and circulatory disorders.

Encephalopathy: causes, types of diseases



Encephalopathy is a modular concept, which means a variety of pathological condition or disease. It can occur in adults and in children. There are congenital and acquired encephalopathy. Congenital appears due to the negative damaging factors at birth, developmental abnormalities, genetic defects. Risk factors for its development are premature or late delivery, multiple pregnancy, taking certain medicines during pregnancy, maternal age (less than 20 years or more than 40).
Symptoms of congenital encephalopathy: frequent crying, restless behavior of the newborn, inadequate reaction to sound and light, bulging eyes, a throwing back of the head, frequent vomiting.


Residual encephalopathy develops over a period of time after perinatal encephalopathy. To provoke its appearance can inflammation or infection of traumatic brain injury, increase in blood pressure. Acquired encephalopathy can be of several types. PTSD occurs because of traumatic brain injury. Develops as a result of toxic action on the organism of bacterial toxins or neurotropic.

Radiation encephalopathy causes an action on the brain to ionizing radiation. Metabolic encephalopathy appears at the diseases of internal organs. As a result of chronic circulatory disorders of the brain develops vascular pathology. Discirculatory encephalopathy are due to pathological changes of brain tissue due to vascular brain disorders.

Diagnosis and treatment of encephalopathy



There are three degrees of dyscirculatory encephalopathy. First degree is characterized by irritability, memory loss, headaches, troubled sleep. Second degree manifested severe symptoms: constant headache, memory loss, lethargy, apathy, sleep disorder. The third degree is characterized by severe changes of the brain tissue is disturbed it there are paresis, vascular parkinsonism. In the diagnosis of encephalopathy is a big role playing history data of the disease. Also used electroencephalography, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography. Conduct the study of the biochemistry of blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid.
As additional treatment of encephalopathy prescribe physiotherapy and reflexology, breathing exercises.


Therapy of encephalopathy is aimed at the elimination of symptoms, and the treatment of the disease, which contributed to the defeat of the brain. In severe acute encephalopathy prescribe hemodialysis, hemoperfusion, and mechanical ventilation, parenteral nutrition. Use drugs that reduce intracranial pressure and prevent the development of seizures. Also prescribe drugs that improve blood flow to the brain.

Advice 2: What is encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is called in medicine a set of symptoms that occur when slow common degenerative lesion of the cells of the cerebral cortex. At the same time develop permanent and often irreversible loss of function of the affected cells, which becomes the cause of various pathological manifestations.
Origin of encephalopathy can be congenital or acquired. Congenital encephalopathy occur under the action of damaging factors on brain cells in utero, and the degree of their severity depends on the duration of the pregnancy, where this effect was developed.

Acquired encephalopathy can be rather arbitrary, due to the occurrence, divided into vascular, toxic, vascular, posttraumatische .Were all characterized by further intensification of development in the continuation of trauma exposure, but prompt treatment can reduce the symptoms of the disease.

At the heart of any encephalopathy is hypoxia of the cells of the cerebral cortex, while there are multiple hemorrhages, even more aggravating the symptoms of the disease. In congenital disease the main manifestation of the disease be delayed psycho-emotional and physical development, but often the signs of disease are detected quite late. Acquired forms of the disease manifest violation of memory, decreased learning ability, acquiring new skills and loss of those that already exist in the patient.

For the diagnosis of the disease requires examination of a patient a neurologist, who may, if necessary, appoint additional methods of research. But usually the need for this occurs only in newborns, while performing nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, encephalography, ultrasonic examination of the brain allows you to specify the extent of the lesion and to determine the prognosis of the disease, prescribe the appropriate treatment. It helps to prevent disease progression and reduce the severity of symptoms, especially in the presence of seizures.

In acquired encephalopathy, it is important the timely diagnosis and treatment, which impacts not only the physical condition and well-being of the patient but also on his mental state. Prescribers affecting the very cause of the disease (if possible) on blood pressure, metabolic processes in the organism (renal or hepatic insufficiency, in cases of poisoning), and General cerebral symptoms. But treatment is only effective in the early stages of the disease, with early diagnosis, so a doctor's consultation is required.
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