Growing figs at home
There are about eight varieties of ficus, which may take the form of a tree, bushes or vines can be evergreen or deciduous. In the home often grow ficus benjamina, ficus repens, elastica, lyre-shaped and other types.
Most of them is simplicity – these plants like well-lit places with ambient light, do not require frequent watering, tolerates a lower temperature in winter and even grow better in the cool and summer like warmth. Ficus are intolerant to two situations: when you change their location or when they stand in the draft.
The leaves of ficus live up to 2-3 years, then turn yellow and fall off, it's a natural process, in the place of fallen leaves grow, so a healthy plant has a dense green crown.
If the ficus started faster and more abundant to lose leaves, you need to look for other causes such a reaction and eliminate them.
The reasons for the dropping of the leaves of ficus
One of the most common reasons for ficus tree leaves are falling, it's a strong draft. These plants like a quiet air and a light breeze answer yellowing and leaf drop. Find a suitable location for ficus with sufficient amount of light and is well protected from drafts. But remember that after moving the plant a long time getting used to a new place and responds to the movement of the same dropping of the leaves. Rubber plants are very susceptible to stress and rearrange them from place to place can also be a cause of the drop leaves. Especially sharply they react, if you put them in a dark place.
Well-lit ficus quickly starts to cover the new light green leaves.
Ficus is unpretentious when it comes to irrigation, they can withstand prolonged drying out. But to waterlogging, these plants are bad, if you water them frequently and abundantly, also may fall off the leaves. If this is the case, then you need to take a break from watering for two weeks. If the result of a ficus tree continues to lose leaves, it means that the roots had to rot – flower-transplanting, removing decayed roots.
Despite the fact that the soil is too wet they can't stand, they love the humid air in the room – ideally around 75%. Dry air also leads to the dropping of leaves, so it is desirable to spray the plant.
Sometimes ficus drops leaves due to lack of nutrients, in this case, you need spring and summer twice a month to podkalivat it with minerals and organic fertilizers. Also ensure that the plant is not infested pests such as red spider mite that causes the appearance of small white spots on the leaves and them falling off.
Advice 2: Why do ficus turn yellow and the leaves fall
Growers who grow rubber plants, may encounter such a problem as the yellowing and falling of leaves from their Pets. Before embarking on the resuscitation of plants, you should find out the cause of this phenomenon.
The leaves of ficus may drop in the fall and winter is a natural process, the number of fallen leaves is usually 10-20% of the total green mass. Healthy plants are fading, only the lower leaves.
Change in the usual conditions
Ficus begins to drop leaves due to sudden temperature changes, reducing light transfer from a warm room to a cooler.
As ficus do not like change, it is advisable to choose for him a certain place in the future not to disturb the plant.
Temperature and lighting
To prevent the disease of rubber plants, they should not be put on the marble and tiled floors, window sills and cold because the roots of these plants sensitive to the cold. In the winter, make sure that your pet is not in contact with the window glass.
The best temperature for ficus Benjamin is an 18 – 25oC, for variegated species require warmer conditions. When the temperature is too high the plant begins to suffer, he begins to wither the leaves.
As the ficus tree likes light, you should not keep it in a shaded place, but under direct sunlight the plant can't be put. Best for your green friend will fit a spacious bright room with no drafts.
To turn yellow and fall off the leaves of the ficus can due to improper watering. When excessive moisture the roots of plants begin to rot, which leads first to his disease, and then death.
If your plant has suffered from overwatering, let the soil dry for a half to two weeks. During this time, the condition of the ficus should be fine. If he's not getting better, you need to replant the flower in different soil, eliminate the decayed roots by placing the root system in a container with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Pests and diseases
Fall off the leaves of rubber plants from fungal diseases and pests – mites, thrips, scale insects, aphids and mealybug. Carefully inspect your green friend, if you find it on the web, damaging themselves and insects, is urgently treat the plant with special preparations.
Young leaves often start to turn yellow due to lack of soil iron. In such cases the plants must be fed Ferrovia or chelate iron.
Feed ficus should be in the growth period, i.e. from March to September. The day before the procedure the plant should be watered so that the fertiliser does not burn the root system.