Advice 1: What to do if you burn your finger

Burn fingers – one of the most common household accidents. For all its seeming simplicity and "carelessness" need to quickly and competently provide first aid, to avoid unpleasant consequences.
Burn your finger you can get, Pottering in the kitchen, repaired the moped, stoking the fire, in short, anywhere. To quickly heal a burn and discomfort from injury, and minimize, when you burn your finger it is necessary to consistently perform the following steps.

1. To eliminate the effect of the substance or object that caused the burn



The sooner this is done, the better. If the skin on the finger is just red – it is a burn of the 1st degree, you can do home treatment. If the blisters is a 2nd degree burn. Blisters can puncture, crush, break in any case! This can lead to infection.
Burns on fingers 3 and 4 the extent to which there are wound, charring, occur less frequently. In this case, you must immediately seek medical help.


2. To determine the nature of the burn



It can be thermal or chemical. If the burn is caused by a chemical compound that is good to know how. It is important to remember:

- If the burn was caused by quicklime, in any case it is impossible to wash out - this will only aggravate the problem!
- Sulphuric acid to start first removed from skin with dry cloth or towel.

In other cases, as with chemical and thermal burns, you can skip to step 3

3. Rinse the burnt spot under running water for 10-15 minutes



Thermal processes in the tissues continue to go, even if the source of the burn is eliminated. Chemical burn additionally, you can process a soap or soda solution, if the exposure to acid. If there was contact with alkali, water for processing, you can acidify a few drops of lemon juice or boric acid – it will help to neutralize the effect of the chemical.

4. To make processing of the damaged site



If the burn is not severe, you can treat the damaged area with ointment containing panthenol, or to use traditional medicines.

- Poultice of raw grated potatoes, pumpkin or carrots (to change on the degree of heating of the slurry). Curd applied to the burnt site, will also facilitate rapid healing.
- Lotions of decoction of plants such as clover, mother and stepmother, oak bark, wild rose. In an extreme case, fit tea, both green and black.
Good in such cases and honey. It is also a great antiseptic and promotes healing of tissues.

- Lubricate the affected area with egg, previously beaten.

5. To prevent infection



After treatment for a burn is necessary to impose a dry sterile bandage - this will help to protect the damaged area from infection, and therefore accelerate recovery. In addition, if the surface of the skin blisters formed, the bandage will protect them from accidental damage and rupture.

A small burn, not complicated by secondary infection usually heals in 6-7 days.

Advice 2: What to do if you burn

Burns are the most common household injuries. People often get burnt during the execution of daily homework than during the fires burn on the beach or in the Solarium, accidentally spill on hands vinegar or battery acid. You should know how to provide first aid when you burn yourself or your family, to quickly alleviate the pain and minimize the risk of undesirable consequences.
The first thing to do is to eliminate the damaging factor. In thermal burns it is necessary to remove drenched with boiling water or burnt clothes (to tear pieces of cloth from the wound not). Please rate the degree of damage: if the skin is red, there is swelling, but skin integrity is not broken, we can talk about first degree burns. These injuries are painful but to cure them quickly, without the help of a doctor. If the skin had bubbles is a second – degree burn. See a doctor if the affected a significant part of the body.

When third-degree burns damage deeper skin layers, require the intervention of a specialist. Burns of fourth degree accompanied by a charring of the skin, can be damaged subcutaneous tissue and even bone is a very serious injury. Fortunately, most household burns are in the first or second degree, so the first aid you can provide yourself.

Affected area of the body needs to cool. If burned limb, it should be put under cold running water or place in a bowl of cold water for 10-15 minutes. Water cooled only burns the first or second degree! If possible substitute the burned area of the body under running water is not available, apply ice or a frozen piece of meat wrapped in a pure package or in a towel.

After the affected area is cold enough, you can apply wet dressing. In pharmacies sell special gel bandage that facilitates healing and relieves pain. Burns funds, for example, spray with panthenol, it is better to apply after the skin temperature of the burn will be quite reduced.

In chemical burns should be washed with water corrosive which you can then apply a bandage. This does not include burns caused quicklime – exposure to water will cause a chemical reaction at the site of injury. Lime need to remove with a dry cloth, and then the affected area will need to be lubricated.

If the burn is extensive (the area corresponds to roughly the area 5 palms of the victim), it is better to consult a doctor regardless of the degree of the burn.

In any case can not open the resulting bubbles – so you can get an infection. Avoid folk remedies – egg white, honey, curd and ink is better to use for its intended purpose.

You cannot lubricate the affected area with alcohol-containing liquids, iodine, brilliant green – it will cause increased pain, further damage the injured skin.

Burns is also prohibited to smear oil, grease, any greasy ointments are allowed only with special tools recommended by the doctor, and apply them only after cooling of the skin.
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