Signs of low hemoglobin in a child
While reducing the amount of red blood cells induces a state of anemia, which expressed low levels of hemoglobin. For children up to 6 years, the hemoglobin is considered to be insufficient at rates less than 110 grams per liter of blood, for older - less than 120 grams per liter.
When a state of anemia the child has pallor, dry skin, drowsiness, tearfulness, fatigue, irritability and an unstable chair. These symptoms in children are not specific, and sometimes may be completely absent, therefore, to determine the amount of hemoglobin you need to take the analysis of blood from a finger.
In children of younger age, low hemoglobin over a long period of time irreversibly inhibits intellectual, emotional and psychomotor development at an older age. Reception of iron preparations in this case are ineffective.
Causes of low hemoglobin in children
Hemoglobin can have low rates due to the following factors:
- insufficient and poor nutrition;
- low content of iron, animal protein, vitamin B12 and folic acid in the diet;
- abnormal iron absorption in the gastrointestinal tract;
- diseases of the blood;
- acute and chronic diseases;
- infection of worms;
- continuous intake of drugs in large volume;
- allergic reactions;
- the lack of fresh air in the winter.
Ways to increase hemoglobin
A healthy child will help to cope with low hemoglobin nutrition, including the introduction in the diet of foods containing iron, copper and manganese.
To increase the level of iron baby can be beef, beef and pork liver, heart, bran, egg yolk, Apple puree and buckwheat. The copper contained in seafood and vegetables, and in tea, cereal crops and sugar beet manganese. Together, these three components are found in the flour and nuts.
If the cause of low hemoglobin is a disease to cope with the lack of iron, manganese and copper in the blood with the help of food impossible. In this case, prescribe medicines containing essential micronutrients.
To avoid the lowering of the hemoglobin, it is enough to regularly monitor and identify changes. It is also recommended to prevent using products containing iron, and to eliminate the causes that lead to decrease in hemoglobin.
Advice 2: How dangerous is low hemoglobin
The lack of hemoglobin in the blood causes anemia, which leads to deterioration of the General condition of the body: tiredness, fatigue, drowsiness, headaches, shortness of breath, palpitations, sleep disturbances, depression. Externally, low level of hemoglobin is manifested in dryness of the skin, hair loss, brittle nails, cracking and pallor of the lips.
Deficiency of hemoglobin leads to a General weakening of the organism, decline of protective barriers, exposure to various infections. The immune system is faltering, even a basic cold can cause serious complications. In some cases, due to relaxation of the muscles occurs incontinence.
Low hemoglobin levels particularly dangerous for pregnant women. The body requires more iron, necessary for oxygen supply of organs and tissues of the expectant mother and the fetus. Hemoglobin when carrying a child drops rapidly and begins to have a negative influence on the fetus. Due to lack of oxygen (hypoxia), the baby is not getting enough power and can slow down or even stop the development.
In addition, fetal hypoxia is threatened by disturbances in the cerebral cortex and nervous system in General, atrophy of various organs and muscles. Therefore, pregnant women should monitor the level of hemoglobin in the blood and, if necessary, to urgently fill the shortage of iron in the body.
To maintain hemoglobin in the normal, first, you need to eat right and to enter into the diet more foods rich in iron: liver, beef, veal, Turkey, eggs, wheat flour, buckwheat, legumes, dried apricots, apples, pomegranate, etc. - animal sourced iron is better absorbed than from vegetable, and in addition, for full suction, it is recommended to eat vegetables and fruits with a high content of vitamin C.
A healthy lifestyle helps to preserve the hemoglobin level is normal. Need to walk more, to walk in the fresh air, play sports, relax in nature. However, if with proper diet and high physical activity level of hemoglobin becomes lower, you need to immediately consult a doctor and start taking iron supplements.