Call an ambulance
To the wound of a rusty nail can a person anywhere – in manufacturing, in construction, on the street and even at home. It is best just to go to the emergency room where they will clean the wound and make the necessary vaccinations. For urban residents this generally is not a problem, emergency station, or the station "ambulance" are next, so the whole operation will take no more than an hour. Besides, information about vaccinations, the doctor will get fast enough. Those who live in the village, quickly to receive medical care more complicated. But in this case, you should immediately contact the clinic or aid station. The nail that if he had bitten in the foot by yourself is better not to pull out.
If you stepped on a nail, and the blood did not go to the emergency room may not apply, as the causative agent of tetanus in the body is not penetrated. Be careful only to the puncture site did not have any inflammation.
If the doctor is not near
An accident can happen in the campaign or in the garden, where the infirmary yet. In this case the wound will have to handle on their own. Pull out the nail, wash the wound with hydrogen peroxide, apply a topical antibiotic cream (e.g., sintomitsinovoy, Levomycetinum, "Rescue"). After that, you still need to go to the doctor, and the sooner the better. The nail causes a puncture wound in the same conditions as domestic only possible surface treatment.
Children DTP or ADSM are made according to the vaccination calendar. This vaccination protects including tetanus.
What should a doctor?
Traumatologist or the surgeon definitely needs to know their job. Ideally, it will correctly treat your wound and will impose all the necessary preparations. However, any case it makes sense to monitor the process. Don't forget to say what action you have already taken. Very well, if you remember, when did you receive tetanus toxoid. It's not only treatment of wounds, how the introduction of drugs.
At puncture wounds with rusty objects injected toxoid. The dosage depends on the duration of vaccination. If you are vaccinated less than four years ago, the dose is 0.5 ml, in all other cases – 1 ml. In the second case, you will be injected with tetanus toxoid, most often anti-tetanus human immunoglobulin (PSCI). This is the best preparation, especially if you have a tendency to allergies. There are other drugs. Doctor, depending on the severity of the injury, may prescribe antibiotics. Usually, the victim is issued a sick-list for at least 3 days.