Advice 1: How to sterilize lids for cans

When drying or freezing of food for the winter problems with the container usually does not occur, however, for canning and jars, and covers should be not only washed, but also correctly processed. For banks with blanks could stand for a long time, sportives, they must be well sterilised.

Why to perform sterilization of the lids and cans



Even on those lids and jars which seem clean, abundant live organisms that can harm not only the workpiece, but also health. Not the terrible microorganisms, and their waste products – they are quite poisonous and can cause severe poisoning. To be safe, all jars and lids should be sterilized.

For canning it is necessary to choose covers no defects, no signs of rust. If the surface is painted, paint must not be damaged. This leads to corrosion in storage, which negatively comments on the products. And caps, and cans shall be thoroughly cleaned, a good result can be achieved by using simple baking soda. Then everything just well washed under running water.

The so-called "hot sterilization" sometimes puzzles beginners Housewives to a standstill. If the banks are sterilized in different ways – and for a couple, and in boiling water and in a microwave oven and a conventional oven, with lids that would not work. The metal cover can not be placed in the microwave, in the oven they burn and melt the plastic treacherously.

Methods of sterilization caps



Sterilization of caps can be done in several ways.
The advantages of these methods are obvious: excellent quality sterilization and additional costs are required.
The oldest and most common method of sterilization, which was successfully used even by our grandmothers – sterilization by boiling. This will need to take a saucepan and boil the necessary amount of water and then just dip in boiling water cover. They should be boiled just before to close the banks with the presets. In boiling water they should be kept from two to fifteen minutes.

Continue to do necessary depending on the material of the cover. Nylon can hold in boiling water quite a bit, otherwise they can deform and the jar will not fit. Hot cap is to be removed from the boiling water with tongs. Before closing, they need to allow to dry.

There is another way, but it is not suitable for all caps. They can be sterilized in a hot oven – but only for metal and only the ones without the rubber inserts. The time for sterilization is approximately 10 minutes.
The advantages of processes is that they are very fast and are not time consuming and the oven and pans are at all, unlike steamers, for example – they sometimes also sterilize banks and covers.


Sometimes the covers do not warm up in any way – some Housewives prefer a little to hold them in solution furatsilina, potassium permanganate or alcohol. This method is suitable for tin, and to glass and plastic lids.

Advice 2: How to choose the right cover for preservation

The most simple and cheap sheet metal covers are used often by Housewives for canning food for the winter. This is because they are suitable for all kinds of workpieces. The efforts to fill the pantry was not in vain, it is important to choose quality cover, with a lacquered finish not only outside but also inside.
No the best recipe will not save berries or vegetables intended for winter storage if you will break the seal and sterility of the jar. Sterilization is more or less clear – glass jar without damage should be well washed and dried, or treated with hot steam. However, the choice of lids for the hermetic blockage of the cans requires a special approach.

The most popular cover for preservation



Despite the fact that the glass cover is already the last century, some Housewives are convinced their guaranteed safety, environmental friendliness and reliability. The benefits of this type of lids is that they do not require sealing machines and can be used more than once. Each glass cover is equipped with a special clamp. However, to find in the market today glass is practically impossible.

In place of the glass that does not require seaming tool, came another kind of screw cap. Although it is not really reusable, not only the so-called, but also used. However, it requires appropriate jars with screw thread, but both of different sizes available for sale. Universal screw cap convenient, but skill its use will be required. If tightening the resulting imbalance, to ensure the safety of the workpiece is impossible. It is important to tighten being careful not to pinch and not to disrupt the air valve. Since it is not always possible to catch the right amount of force, experts advise not to close screw caps marinated vegetables.

There are covers for the preservation of the polyethylene, but should not be confused with regular ones. Winter blanks suitable only tight plastic covers that are impossible to put on the Bank without pre-heating for 2-3 minutes at a temperature of 80 degrees. Still, the most popular are the tin lid, although their use need sealing machines and they are used only 1 time. Cap tin cheap and are suitable for any kind of canned food, but they have some differences that are worth paying attention to when buying

The secret of successful canning – quality cover



Russian manufacturers produce normal lid tin gray color, called "white" and cover yellow leather. You can meet a lacquered aluminum cap. Can be used as those and others, but the lacquer finish provides protection against oxidative reactions, which may be subject to the cap in contact with the marinade, where there is vinegar. It is therefore important to rolling the jars with pickles, tomatoes were used cover, covered with a food varnish, not only outside but also inside, where it really matters.

Internal coating can be silver or pearl. This means that the food caused the lacquer or mother-of-pearl enamel, which protects against oxidation. In appearance to distinguish between a lacquered tin lid from aluminum is almost impossible. To recognize the material, you need to take her in his arms. Aluminum is a little easier and smoother, which can be felt only picking up a capping machine. Quality tin lid should weigh 0,14 gr. have inside the tight rubber ring and have more than two ribs. To determine the weight of the cover, and took it in my hands, is unlikely, but out of curiosity home you can experiment.
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