The origin of the Dacron
The word "Dacron" is the primordially Russian word, though seemingly belonging to some foreign language. There is a word in the 1950-ies. At that time in the Laboratory of Macromolecular Compounds of the Academy of Sciences we developed polyester fibre, characterized by a special strength. Its name is an acronym.
Soon this fibre began to produce on an industrial scale. The raw material is oil. The name given to the place of invention material, so for him it was fixed. However, in other countries, otherwise referred to as Dacron. For example, in France it terhal in the UK – double in USA – Dacron. There this material appeared about ten years earlier than in Russia.
The use of Dacron
Dacron fiber is has a fairly wide range of applications. However, the most famous polyester in fabric and knitwear. Products from polyester are crease-resistant, do not fade. They retain heat well. Besides, very durable. However, Dacron is not hygroscopic, poorly absorbs moisture, so clothes made of polyester is not quite hygienic.
Very often when creating fabrics Dacron fiber is used not by itself, but mix it with cotton or woolen threads and viscose. The result is things that combine as the properties of natural tissues and the properties of the Dacron. They are less crumple, remaining comfortable.
In addition to the textile industry, polyester is widely used in medicine. Produces surgical sutures, and used in the creation of materials for prosthetics. Dacron is not rejected by the tissues of the body and is not subject to "absorption", which allows the implant to remain unchanged throughout a person's life.
Dacron is indispensable in the manufacture of various industrial equipment. It is made ropes and fishing nets, conveyor belts and drive belts. Mylar material is used for increased durability.
In the chemical industry of Dacron make containers, bottles, packaging material. In this case, the Dacron is convenient because it is resistant to various aggressive environments. He is not afraid of high temperatures, exposure to oxidants, it is not destroyed, while the light for a long time.
Products made of polyester are marked by the abbreviation PET, or polyethylene terephthalate (PET in English-speaking countries), which means that the full chemical name of the material – polyethylene.