How to prepare for EGD
The main purpose of the endoscopy – inspection of the mucous membrane of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum and to identify any abnormalities in their work. Despite the fact that no pain sensation during immersion of the gastroscope in the digestive tract of the patient doesn't feel that endoscopy is one of the most unpleasant medical procedures, and therefore causes many people a lot of excitement and experiences. In fact, do not be afraid to swallow the "gut". The procedure will take place quickly and calmly if correctly to prepare for it.
On the day of the procedure, endoscopy is recommended to abandon not only food and no drink but also from Smoking.Before endoscopy, the patient is advised to avoid eating fatty foods and limit light dinner, which could include porridge, cereal, fruit and tea. The procedure is performed strictly on an empty stomach, usually in the morning. Before the study, as an exception, admission of pure non-carbonated water in small quantities.
To facilitate the process of ingestion "guts" and make the study as fast as possible will help strict adherence to all the instructions of performing EGD and the doctor present during the procedure nurses.
How is endoscopy
The procedure is administered by the endoscope, an elastic-driven specialist tube, popularly called the "tube" in the mouth lying on the left side of the patient, and further inspection of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract. Before endoscopy to suppress the gag reflex throat of the patient is treated with a solution of anesthetic, and its mouth is inserted a special endoscope which protects the teeth and the mouthpiece, it is not hindering breathing.
Often endoscopy is performed under local anesthesia, and only in some cases, when excessive anxiety of the patient, or finding him unconscious using General anesthesia.During endoscopy the patient should not restrain outflow of saliva from the corner of his mouth and to swallow accumulated in oral fluid. If spit saliva independently of the patient does not work, the doctor uses for this purpose, a special suction apparatus.
In the process of endoscopy, and it was during the administration introduced into the body by the endoscope, the patient may experience a feeling of pressure and discomfort in the abdomen. The duration of the procedure can range from 10 to 30 minutes.