Otitis media: General information about the disease, its causes
Otitis media is a disease of the middle ear Department of inflammatory-infectious etiology that can occur acutely and chronically. Otolaryngologists subdivide it into an outer and middle. In adults the development of otitis media may be accompanied by ear pain, decreased hearing, fever. The kids who can't complain of bad state of health, the main signs of the disease may be weeping, irritability, vomiting, high temperature. The appearance of these symptoms is due to the body's fight against infection, hit the "nasopharynx – middle ear", which can swell and close.
Causes of otitis can be:
- General cooling, which leads to narrowing of peripheral blood vessels;
infection, long-term "sitting" in the region of the nasopharynx and involved in adverse to the body conditions;
- weakened immunity due to poor nutrition and insufficient vitamins and minerals;
- Eustachian – inflammation of the auditory tube;
- mastoiditis is an inflammatory – infectious disease that affects the internal cells of the mastoid process.
Treatment of otitis with antibiotics
Adult patients for the treatment of otitis media is assigned to "Roxithromycin" is a drug from the group of macrolides. It is designed for internal use and are taking it 2 times a day before meals for 0.15 g.
Children under 12 years of age for the treatment of otitis administered macrolide "Clarithromycin". He is taken inside, according to the medical appointment or for instructions.
The antibiotic "Cefuroxime" comes in different forms. It can be administered intramuscularly, intravenously and taken inside. The drug has an excellent bacterial properties, but during pregnancy and lactation it is prescribed, after weighing all the possible risks for woman and child. One-time dosage is usually 0.25 g. in acute disease, it may increase twice.
"Amoxicillin", intended for internal ingestion, comes in 2 forms – tablets and powder. The dosage and frequency of its application is assigned a specialist individually. Due to the high bactericidal effect of this antibiotic has proven successful in the treatment of many diseases.
To take antibiotics to get rid of otitis media should be at least 10 days. Otherwise, the acute form of the disease may become chronic.
Given that all antibacterial agents intended for the treatment of otitis media, can cause damage to the beneficial flora of the intestine, the doctor should also prescribe medication that is made on the basis of bifidobacteria. You should also know that independent attempts to cure otitis fraught with deterioration of the General condition and the rapid progression of the infection.