The word "theatre" has several meanings. First, this place, the building where circuses (performances, concerts, speeches). No country is complete without a theaterpromotion institutions. Eastern theatre, as well as throughout the Eastern inherent in the preservation of ancient traditions, the European theaters is also trying in its architecture to include classic elements, such as almost a mandatory attribute of any theatrematerial of the building is a huge column.
Another meaning of the word "theatre"is a spectacle, a form of performance art. The action always happens on stage, on the dais, through which the audience can see the play at either end of the hall. Top performers – actors, singers or reciters.
The actor is not necessarily a living person, it can be a doll, as long as the expressiveness of the action was conveyed to the viewer, giving him the opportunity to show the accumulated emotions, that's why people go to the theatre. Emotions can be very different, from sadness to joy, from tears to violent fun, from calm to anger. But, unlike the cinema, usually none of the audience remains indifferent, this is achieved by the magic of live communication between audience and actor.
Theatre in General is called not only an acting troupe, but also all employees of the institution. Directors, makeup artists, lighting designers, decorators, prop artists, stagehands, cloakroom attendants, ushers, cashiers – all this is theatre.
The theatre as a performing art originated from ancient folk rituals, festivals, games, songs, dances, masquerades. At first, it was always from the masses, but gradually the crowd began to highlight individual performers, actors or singers, shows have been held regularly, there is a division between artists and audience. In addition, the theater became a form of earnings, there was a special profession (actor, Director, screenwriter, producer, impresario, etc.) and educational institutions that produce professionals in these professions.
There are many genres of theatreperformances promotion. It is a drama, Comedy, musical, etc. But the ballet deserves special mention. This kind of theatrematerial art combines dance, music, story, dramatic intent. Ballet requires of its performers a huge endurance and stamina, constant work on oneself, the ability through dance to convey emotions of their characters, i.e., to possess the art of pantomime.
Musical theatre requires from its performers a high vocal or instrumental abilities. In such theatreAh are performancesof Opera and operetta, to which may be added the element of ballet.
Theaters by genre and focus can be for children, puppetry, burlesque, Opera. There are also theatres animals, pantomime, satire, shadow, stage, light, etc.
Regularly hosts theatrical, the contests of theatrical arts, which hosts performances of theatres of the contestants and award prizes to, for example, "Golden mask" in Russia.